Ultrasonic scouring of wool and its effects on fibre breakage during carding

Li, Qing, Hurren, Christopher J., Ding, Cailing L., Wang, Lijing, Lin, Tong and Wang, Xungai 2011, Ultrasonic scouring of wool and its effects on fibre breakage during carding, Textile institute journal, vol. 102, no. 12, pp. 1059-1064.

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Title Ultrasonic scouring of wool and its effects on fibre breakage during carding
Author(s) Li, Qing
Hurren, Christopher J.
Ding, Cailing L.
Wang, Lijing
Lin, Tong
Wang, Xungai
Journal name Textile institute journal
Volume number 102
Issue number 12
Start page 1059
End page 1064
Total pages 6
Publisher Routledge
Place of publication Abingdon, U. K.
Publication date 2011-12
ISSN 0040-5000
1754-2340
Keyword(s) ultrasonic wool scouring
carding
felting
fibre length
fibre breakage
wool
fibre science
Summary Ultrasonics has shown the potential to reduce the cost and environmental impact of textile processing. This work investigates the impact of ultrasonic scouring on fibre entanglement caused during the scouring process. Levels of fibre entanglement were quantified by measuring fibre length using OFDA4000 after carding. A significant reduction in fibre entanglement after ultrasonic scouring was observed and this was due to a reduced fibre migration in the wash bath when compared with the mechanical agitation seen in conventional scouring process. Fibre cuticle scale damage resulting from the ultrasonic irradiation may also have contributed to the reduction in fibre entanglement. A reduced level of fibre entanglement from ultrasonic wool scouring leads to a reduction in fibre breakage during carding.
Language eng
Field of Research 020301 Acoustics and Acoustical Devices; Waves
Socio Economic Objective 970109 Expanding Knowledge in Engineering
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2011, Taylor & Francis
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30040530

Document type: Journal Article
Collection: Centre for Material and Fibre Innovation
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