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You are what you eat : influence of host ecology on infection risk in populations and individuals

Hoye, Bethany, Klaassen, Marcel and Fouchier, Ron 2011, You are what you eat : influence of host ecology on infection risk in populations and individuals, Ecohealth, vol. 7, no. Supplement 1, pp. S101-S101, doi: 10.1007/s10393-010-0376-0.

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Title You are what you eat : influence of host ecology on infection risk in populations and individuals
Author(s) Hoye, BethanyORCID iD for Hoye, Bethany
Klaassen, MarcelORCID iD for Klaassen, Marcel
Fouchier, Ron
Journal name Ecohealth
Volume number 7
Issue number Supplement 1
Start page S101
End page S101
Publisher Springer New York LLC
Place of publication New York, N. Y.
Publication date 2011
ISSN 1612-9202
Summary It is widely accepted that wild aquatic birds are the major reservoir for Avian Influenza viruses (AIV), and also play a significant role as vectors for the disease. However, despite intensive surveillance, we still know very little about the role individual wild birds (and their populations) play in the transmission and maintenance of these viruses. Traditionally, combinations of single-location surveillance and historical migration patterns have been used to estimate the degree to which different species may be involved. However, this broad scale approach tends to neglect the ecology of the virus, and just as importantly, the ecology of the host. Over 100 species have been found infected with these viruses worldwide, with many more purportedly negative for the disease. Using data from ten years of wild bird surveillance in the Netherlands we catalogued the ecological properties of each species sampled, in order to determine whether infected species are ecologically separated from those that are not. Using stable isotope analysis of feathers and blood components, we also examine whether infection risk of individuals within a species known to be infected by AIV can be attributable to antecedent foraging habitats. The use of an aquatic habitat is strongly associated with infection risk at all levels analysed, including individuals and populations of a single species, and between species. These unique findings underscore the usefulness of stable isotope methods in disease ecology, particularly when compared to broader-scale inter-species patterns, and the potential role of host ecology in transmission and maintenance of AIV.
Notes Presented at the 1st International One Health Congress
Language eng
DOI 10.1007/s10393-010-0376-0
Field of Research 060299 Ecology not elsewhere classified
Socio Economic Objective 970106 Expanding Knowledge in the Biological Sciences
HERDC Research category C2 Other contribution to refereed journal
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