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Examining the dissociative basis for body image disturbances

Fuller-Tyszkiewicz, Matthew and Mussap, Alexander 2011, Examining the dissociative basis for body image disturbances, International journal of psychological studies, vol. 3, no. 2, pp. 3-13.

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Title Examining the dissociative basis for body image disturbances
Author(s) Fuller-Tyszkiewicz, Matthew
Mussap, Alexander
Journal name International journal of psychological studies
Volume number 3
Issue number 2
Start page 3
End page 13
Total pages 11
Publisher Canadian Center of Science and Education
Place of publication Toronto, Canada
Publication date 2011-12
ISSN 1918-722X
1918-7211
Keyword(s) Dissociation
Body image
Body image instability
Women
Proprioception
Summary Although dissociative symptoms have been linked with both food- and appearance-related aspects of eating disorders, the psychological mechanisms underlying these relationships remain unclear. The present study evaluated the hypothesis that the disturbances of self-identity attributed to dissociation can manifest as disturbances of body image and, in turn, undermine body-specific self-evaluations relevant to disordered eating (i.e., body comparison, body dissatisfaction, and internalization of the thin ideal). Ninety-three female university students completed self-report measures of dissociation and body-related aspects of disordered eating. In addition, the method of constant stimuli was used to experimentally derive three measures of body image disturbance: (1) accuracy of body size estimations (body image distortion), (2) ability to discriminate between different body sizes (body image sensitivity), and (3) consistency in one’s body size estimations (body image variability). The findings show that dissociation is related to symptoms of disordered eating, and that these relationships may be mediated by body image instability. Collectively, these findings support the notion that the body image attitudes and behaviours that characterize eating disorders may derive from proprioceptive deficits due to dissociation.
Notes Reproduced with the kind permission of the copyright owner.
Language eng
Field of Research 170106 Health, Clinical and Counselling Psychology
Socio Economic Objective 920410 Mental Health
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2011, The Author
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30040753

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Every reasonable effort has been made to ensure that permission has been obtained for items included in DRO. If you believe that your rights have been infringed by this repository, please contact drosupport@deakin.edu.au.