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Association of adolescent symptoms of depression and anxiety with alcohol use disorders in young adulthood : findings from the Victorian Adolescent Health Cohort Study

McKenzie, Maria, Jorm, Anthony F., Romaniuk, Helena, Olsson, Craig A. and Patton, George C. 2011, Association of adolescent symptoms of depression and anxiety with alcohol use disorders in young adulthood : findings from the Victorian Adolescent Health Cohort Study, Medical journal of Australia, vol. 195, pp. 27-30, doi: 10.5694/j.1326-5377.2011.tb03262.x.

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Title Association of adolescent symptoms of depression and anxiety with alcohol use disorders in young adulthood : findings from the Victorian Adolescent Health Cohort Study
Author(s) McKenzie, Maria
Jorm, Anthony F.
Romaniuk, Helena
Olsson, Craig A.ORCID iD for Olsson, Craig A. orcid.org/0000-0002-5927-2014
Patton, George C.
Journal name Medical journal of Australia
Volume number 195
Start page 27
End page 30
Total pages 4
Publisher Australasian Medical Publishing Company Pty Ltd
Place of publication Strawberry Hills. N. S. W.
Publication date 2011
ISSN 0025-729X
1326-5377
Summary Objective: To examine the association of adolescent depression and anxiety symptoms with alcohol abuse or dependence in young adulthood.

Design, setting and participants: Cohort study of the health and wellbeing of adolescents and young adults in Victoria, assessed at 8 waves (periods) of data collection, from age 14 to 24 years, between 1992 and 2003. Young people who participated in the cohort study at least once during the six adolescent assessment points (conducted 6 months apart, from age 14 to 17 years), at least once during young adulthood and who were alive at Wave 8 (n = 1758).

Main outcome measure: Alcohol abuse or dependence assessed using the alcohol and substance abuse modules of the Composite International Diagnostic Interview at age 24 years.

Results: Adolescents with moderate to high levels of depression and anxiety symptoms (measured by the revised Clinical Interview Schedule) had an increased risk of alcohol abuse or dependence in young adulthood, compared with young adults with low levels of adolescent depression and anxiety symptoms, after adjusting for potential confounding factors. Risk was higher for those with symptoms at more than two adolescent assessment points (odds ratio [OR] 1.9; 95% CI, 1.7–2.0) and for those with symptoms at one or two assessment points (OR 1.3; 95% CI, 1.2–1.4), compared with those with no above-threshold symptoms in adolescence.

Conclusions: Adolescents with depression and anxiety symptoms are at increased risk for alcohol use disorders into young adulthood. They warrant vigilance from primary care providers in relation to alcohol use well into adulthood.

Language eng
DOI 10.5694/j.1326-5377.2011.tb03262.x
Indigenous content off
Field of Research 179999 Psychology and Cognitive Sciences not elsewhere classified
Socio Economic Objective 970117 Expanding Knowledge in Psychology and Cognitive Sciences
HERDC Research category C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Free to Read? Yes
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30041308

Document type: Journal Article
Collections: Faculty of Health
School of Psychology
Open Access Collection
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Every reasonable effort has been made to ensure that permission has been obtained for items included in DRO. If you believe that your rights have been infringed by this repository, please contact drosupport@deakin.edu.au.