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Association of adolescent symptoms of depression and anxiety with daily smoking and nicotine dependence in young adulthood : findings from a 10-year longitudinal study

McKenzie, Maria, Olsson, Craig A., Jorm, Anthony F., Romaniuk, Helena and Patton, George C. 2010, Association of adolescent symptoms of depression and anxiety with daily smoking and nicotine dependence in young adulthood : findings from a 10-year longitudinal study, Addiction, vol. 105, no. 9, pp. 1652-1659, doi: 10.1111/j.1360-0443.2010.03002.x.

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Title Association of adolescent symptoms of depression and anxiety with daily smoking and nicotine dependence in young adulthood : findings from a 10-year longitudinal study
Author(s) McKenzie, Maria
Olsson, Craig A.ORCID iD for Olsson, Craig A. orcid.org/0000-0002-5927-2014
Jorm, Anthony F.
Romaniuk, Helena
Patton, George C.
Journal name Addiction
Volume number 105
Issue number 9
Start page 1652
End page 1659
Total pages 8
Publisher Wiley - Blackwell Publishing
Place of publication Oxford, U. K.
Publication date 2010-09
ISSN 0965-2140
1360-0443
Keyword(s) adolescent
daily smoking
depression and anxiety
longitudinal
nicotine dependence
young adult
Summary Aims To examine the association of adolescent depression and anxiety symptoms with daily smoking and nicotine dependence in young adulthood.

Design A prospective cohort study of adolescent and young adult health (n = 1943). Teen assessments occurred at 6-monthly intervals, with two follow-up assessments in young adulthood (wave 7, 1998; wave 8, 2001–03).

Setting Victoria, Australia.

Participants Students who participated at least once during the first six (adolescent) waves of the cohort study.

Measurements Adolescent depression and anxiety symptomswere assessed using the Revised Clinical Interview Schedule (CIS-R).Young adult tobacco usewas defined as: daily use (6 or 7 days perweek) and dependent use (>4 on the Fagerstrom Test for Nicotine Dependence).

Findings Among adolescent ‘less than daily’ smokers, those with high levels of depression and anxiety symptoms had an increased risk of reporting nicotine dependence in young adulthood [odds ratio (OR) 3.3, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.2–9.1] compared to young adults who had low levels of adolescent depression and anxiety symptoms, after adjusting for potential confounding factors. Similarly, in the adjusted model (OR 1.9, 95% CI 1.0–3.4), among adolescent ‘daily’ smokers, those with high levels of depression and anxiety symptoms had an almost two-fold increase in the odds of reporting nicotine dependence in young adulthood compared to young adults with low levels of adolescent depression and anxiety symptoms.

Conclusions Adolescent smokerswith depression and anxiety symptoms are at increased risk for nicotine dependence into young adulthood. They warrant vigilance from primary care providers in relation to tobacco use well into adulthood.
Language eng
DOI 10.1111/j.1360-0443.2010.03002.x
Field of Research 179999 Psychology and Cognitive Sciences not elsewhere classified
Socio Economic Objective 970117 Expanding Knowledge in Psychology and Cognitive Sciences
HERDC Research category C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2010, The Authors
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30041309

Document type: Journal Article
Collection: School of Psychology
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