Adolescent depressive symptoms and subsequent pregnancy, pregnancy completion and pregnancy termination in young adulthood : findings from the Victorian Adolescent Health Cohort Study

Nilsen, Wendy, Olsson, Craig A., Karevold, Evalill, O'Loughlin, Christina, McKenzie, Maria and Patton, George C. 2012, Adolescent depressive symptoms and subsequent pregnancy, pregnancy completion and pregnancy termination in young adulthood : findings from the Victorian Adolescent Health Cohort Study, Journal of pediatric and adolescent gynecology, vol. 25, no. 1, pp. 6-11.

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Title Adolescent depressive symptoms and subsequent pregnancy, pregnancy completion and pregnancy termination in young adulthood : findings from the Victorian Adolescent Health Cohort Study
Author(s) Nilsen, Wendy
Olsson, Craig A.
Karevold, Evalill
O'Loughlin, Christina
McKenzie, Maria
Patton, George C.
Journal name Journal of pediatric and adolescent gynecology
Volume number 25
Issue number 1
Start page 6
End page 11
Publisher Elsevier Inc.
Place of publication Philadelphia, Pa.
Publication date 2012-02
ISSN 1083-3188
1873-4332
Keyword(s) pregnancy
pregnancy completion
pregnancy termination
young adulthood
adolescence
depression
antisocial behaviour
drug use
cohort
longitudinal
Summary Study Objective: To examine relationships between depressive symptoms in adolescence (14-18 years of age) and becoming pregnant, completing a pregnancy (live birth) and terminating a pregnancy in young adulthood (21-24 years of age).

Participants and Design: Data from 1000 females were drawn from a larger sample of 1943 young Australians participating in a longitudinal study of adolescent health and development, followed across 8 waves from adolescence (waves 1-6) to young adulthood (waves 7 and 8).

Setting: Victoria, Australia.

Main Outcome Measures: Pregnancy, pregnancy completion and pregnancy termination between 21-24 years of age.

Results: We observed a twofold increase in the odds of becoming pregnant in those reporting persisting patterns of depressive symptoms during adolescence (2þ waves); however, after staged adjustment for adolescent antisocial behaviour, drug use and socioeconomic disadvantage, there was no evidence of association. Of particular note, and consistent with previous research, adolescent antisocial and drug use behavior were strongly associated with becoming pregnant and pregnancy termination in young adulthood.

Conclusions: Adolescent antisocial and drug use behavior, not depressive symptoms, independently predict pregnancy outcomes in young adulthood.
Language eng
Field of Research 179999 Psychology and Cognitive Sciences not elsewhere classified
Socio Economic Objective 970117 Expanding Knowledge in Psychology and Cognitive Sciences
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2012, North American Society for Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30041313

Document type: Journal Article
Collection: School of Psychology
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