Activity preferences and participation of school-age children living in urban and rural environments

Brown, Ted, O'Keefe, Sophie and Stagnitti, Karen 2011, Activity preferences and participation of school-age children living in urban and rural environments, Occupational therapy in health care, vol. 25, no. 4, pp. 225-239.

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Title Activity preferences and participation of school-age children living in urban and rural environments
Author(s) Brown, Ted
O'Keefe, Sophie
Stagnitti, Karen
Journal name Occupational therapy in health care
Volume number 25
Issue number 4
Start page 225
End page 239
Publisher Informa Healthcare
Place of publication New York, N.Y.
Publication date 2011-10
ISSN 0738-0577
1541-3098
Keyword(s) activity
children
environment
gender
participation
preference
Summary It is important for therapists to be knowledgeable about the impact of the environment on children’s participation patterns and activity preferences. This study investigated the activity preference and participation among school-age children living in urban and rural locations. The participation patterns and preferences for activities of 58 typically developing children (32 males and 26 females; response rate of 38.7%) aged 8–12 years were assessed across both urban (n = 24) and rural (n = 34) regions of southwest Victoria, Australia. The participation patterns and preferences for activities were assessed using the Children’s Assessment of Participation and Enjoyment and Preferences for Activities of Children (CAPE/PAC).An independent samples t-test was used to determinewhether significant differences existed for theCAPE/PACscores for urban and rurally based children as well as boys and girls. Significant differences were found between the scores of children living in urban and rural areas on the following subscales: CAPE Diversity, CAPE Intensity, CAPE Whom, CAPE Where, PAC Physical Preference, and PACSocial Preference.Asignificant difference for rural and urban groups was found on the following CAPE activity types:Recreation Diversity,Recreation Intensity, Social Diversity, Social Intensity, Self-Improvement Diversity, and Self-Improvement Intensity. Rurally based children were engaged in a broader range of activities and did so more frequently than urban children. Differences in gender were identified with girls preferring to participate in social and skill-based activities and being more likely to participate with friends or people outside their home. However, there were no significant differences in the participation patterns of boys and girls. Physical, social, and structural aspects of the location where a child lives impact the frequency, type of activities, and whom a child participates with most frequently in out-of-school activities. The activity participation of boys and girls in Australia has become quite similar.
Language eng
Field of Research 111403 Paediatrics
Socio Economic Objective 920501 Child Health
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2011, by Informa Healthcare USA, Inc.
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30041378

Document type: Journal Article
Collection: School of Health and Social Development
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