Pfeifer, Luzia Iara, Pacciulio, Amanda Mota, dos Santos, Camila Abrao, dos Santos, Jair Licio and Stagnitti, Karen Ellen 2011, Pretend play of children with cerebral palsy, Physical and occupational therapy in pediatrics, vol. 31, no. 4, pp. 390-402.
Background and Purpose: Evaluate self-initiated pretend play of children with cerebral palsy.
Method: Twenty preschool children participated in the study. Pretend play ability was measured by using the child-initiated pretend play assessment culturally adapted to Brazil.
Results: There were significant negative correlations between the children’s motor severity level and their elaborateness of play with conventionalimaginative and symbolic play materials and a number of object substitutions in symbolic play. This indicated that children with greater motor limitations had diminished play ability. In this sample, 35% of the children showed typical play styles, identified by good scores in elaborate pretend play actions, number of object substitutions, and ability to self-initiate play, whereas 65% showed delay in their play.
Implications: The type of pretend play deficits that might be expected in children with cerebral palsy were described. Furthermore, suggested directions for therapeutic intervention to enhance pretend play performance in cerebral palsy children were proposed.
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