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Thin film drainage : hydrodynamic and disjoining pressures determined from experimental measurements of the shape of a fluid drop approaching a solid wall

Horn, Roger G., Asadullah, Mohammed and Connor, Jason N. 2006, Thin film drainage : hydrodynamic and disjoining pressures determined from experimental measurements of the shape of a fluid drop approaching a solid wall, Langmuir, vol. 22, no. 6, pp. 2610-2619, doi: 10.1021/la052314b.

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Title Thin film drainage : hydrodynamic and disjoining pressures determined from experimental measurements of the shape of a fluid drop approaching a solid wall
Author(s) Horn, Roger G.
Asadullah, Mohammed
Connor, Jason N.
Journal name Langmuir
Volume number 22
Issue number 6
Start page 2610
End page 2619
Publisher American Chemical Society
Place of publication Washington, D. C.
Publication date 2006
ISSN 0743-7463
1520-5827
Summary Accurate measurements of the shape of a mercury drop separated from a smooth flat solid surface by a thin aqueous film reported recently by Connor and Horn (Faraday Discuss. 2003, 123, 193-206) have been analyzed to calculate the excess pressure in the film. The analysis is based on calculating the local curvature of the mercury/aqueous interface, and relating it via the Young-Laplace equation to the pressure drop across the interface, which is the difference between the aqueous film pressure and the known internal pressure of the mercury drop. For drop shapes measured under quiescent conditions, the only contribution to film pressure is the disjoining pressure arising from double-layer forces acting between the mercury and mica surfaces. Under dynamic conditions, hydrodynamic pressure is also present, and this is calculated by subtracting the disjoining pressure from the total film pressure. The data, which were measured to investigate the thin film drainage during approach of a fluid drop to a solid wall, show a classical dimpling of the mercury drop when it approaches the mica surface. Four data sets are available, corresponding to different magnitudes and signs of disjoining pressure, obtained by controlling the surface potential of the mercury. The analysis shows that total film pressure does not vary greatly during the evolution of the dimple formed during the thin film drainage process, nor between the different data sets. The hydrodynamic pressure appears to adjust to the different disjoining pressures in such a way that the total film pressure is maintained approximately constant within the dimpled region.
Notes First published online 17th February, 2006
Language eng
DOI 10.1021/la052314b
Field of Research 030603 Colloid and Surface Chemistry
020303 Fluid Physics
Socio Economic Objective 970103 Expanding Knowledge in the Chemical Sciences
HERDC Research category C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2006, American Chemical Society
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30041454

Document type: Journal Article
Collection: Centre for Material and Fibre Innovation
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