Popular consent and foreign policy choices : war against the Philippines and covert action in Chile
Kim, Jaechun and Hundt, David 2012, Popular consent and foreign policy choices : war against the Philippines and covert action in Chile, Australian journal of international affairs, vol. 66, no. 1, pp. 52-69, doi: 10.1080/10357718.2011.637317.
It is usually assumed that US policymakers need to generate popular consent in order to undertake regime change against another state. This article explores the ways in which contextual factors such as the joint democracy effect, popular values and public moods influenced efforts by elites in the United States to generate popular consent for regime change in the Philippines and Chile. Against the backdrop of the Vietnam War, the United States undertook covert action in Chile due to public recognition of the target state's democratic credentials and a public mood opposed to further military ventures. In contrast, the absence of a strong joint democracy effect, a national mood infused with romantic nationalism qua militarism and social Darwinism facilitated efforts by US elites to generate consent for the invasion and occupation of the Philippines. Subsequently, this article contributes to understandings of the domestic-level factors that influence foreign policy decisions.
Available online 19 Jan. 2012
Field of Research
160604 Defence Studies 160607 International Relations
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