Tuneable optical waveguide based on dielectrophoresis and microfluidics
Kayani, Aminuddin A., Chrimes, Adam F., Khoshmanesh, Khashayar, Kalantar-zadeh, Kourosh and Mitchell, Arnan 2011, Tuneable optical waveguide based on dielectrophoresis and microfluidics, in SPIE 2011 : Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering, SPIE, [Orlando, Fla.], pp. 1-12.
In this work, an array of dielectrophoretic curved microelectrodes patterned in a microfluidic channel and integrated with a multimode rib polymeric waveguide is demonstrated. The microfluidic channel is infiltrated with suspended silica (SiO2) and tungsten trioxide (WO3) nanoparticles. The optofluidic system is found to be sensitive and responds not only to the infiltration of nanoparticle suspensions in the microfluidic channel, but also to the magnitude and frequencies of dielectrophoretic forces applied on the nanoparticles. The nanoparticles can be uniformly concentrated or repelled from the region between the curved microelectrode tips forming either a dense stream of flowing nanoparticles or a region void of nanoparticles in the evanescent sensitive region of the polymeric waveguide. The concentration and repulsion of nanoparticles from this region creates a refractive index gradient in the upper cladding of the polymeric waveguide. These conditions made it possible for light to either remain guided or be scattered as a function of dielectrophoretic settings applied on the nanoparticles. The results demonstrate that we successfully developed a novel tuneable polymeric waveguide based on dielectrophoretic assembly of nanoparticles suspended in fluids.
Field of Research
091306 Microelectromechanical Systems (MEMS)
Socio Economic Objective
970109 Expanding Knowledge in Engineering
HERDC Research category
E2 Full written paper - non-refereed / Abstract reviewed