Drug release rate and anti-microbial effect of controlled-diffusion biopolymer membranes
Liu, Xin, Lin, Tong, Huang, Chen, Xu, Zhiguang and Wang, Xungai 2011, Drug release rate and anti-microbial effect of controlled-diffusion biopolymer membranes, in NANO 2011 : International Conference on Nanoscience and Technology : Book of abstracts, [National Center for Nanoscience and Technology, China], [Beijing, China], pp. 85-85.
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In this study, a series of fibrous membranes made from cellulose acetate (CA) and polyester urethane (PEU) by co-electrospining or blend-electrospining were evaluated for drug release kinetics, in vitro anti-microbial activity and in vivo would healing performance when used as wound dressings. To stop common clinical infections, an antibacterial agent, Polyhexamethylene Biguanide (PHMB) was incorporated into e-spun fibres. The presence of CA in the wound healing membrane was found to improve hydrophilicity and permeability to air and moisture. The in vivo tests indicated that the addition of PHMB and CA considerably improved the wound healing efficiency. CA fibres became slightly swollen upon contacting with the wound exudates. It can not only speed up the liquid evaporation but also create a moisture environment for wound recovery. The drug release dynamics of membranes was controlled by the structure of membranes and component rations within membranes. The lower ration of CA:PEU retained the sound mechanical properties of membranes, and also reduced the boost release effectively and slowed down diffusion of antibacterial agent during in vitro tests. The controlled-diffusion membranes exert long-term anti-infective effect.
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