Socioeconomic status, obesity and lifestyle in men : the Geelong Osteoporosis Study
Brennan, Sharon L., Henry, Margaret J., Nicholson, Geoffrey C., Kotowicz, Mark A. and Pasco, Julie A. 2010, Socioeconomic status, obesity and lifestyle in men : the Geelong Osteoporosis Study, Journal of men's health, vol. 7, no. 1, pp. 31-41, doi: 10.1016/j.jomh.2009.10.004.
Background : Although the association between lower socioeconomic status (SES) and obesity in women in developed countries is well-documented, current evidence regarding the relationship between obesity in men and area-based SES (equivalised for advantage and disadvantage) is inconsistent. Therefore, we aimed to examine obesity, lifestyle behaviours, physical activity in different domains and demographics in men using area-based SES. Methods : We performed a descriptive cross-sectional study of 1467 randomly selected white men (mean age 56 year (inter-quartile range (IQR) = 39–73 year)) recruited from the Barwon Statistical Division, South Western Victoria, Australia between 2001–06. Results : Age-adjusted BMI, waist circumference, % fat and lean mass and blood pressure were inversely associated with SES, with differences between low and upper SES (P for difference <0.05), independent of country of birth. Age-adjusted lifestyle behaviours associated with obesity and/or adverse health (especially cardiovascular disease), were also associated with lower SES. Conclusions : Subjects from lower SES had greater measures of obesity despite being more physically active at work, but were less likely to be physically active in the domains of sports and/or leisure. These findings suggest the possible influence of lifestyle behaviours and occupation upon obesity in men and should be investigated further.
Field of Research
119999 Medical and Health Sciences not elsewhere classified
Socio Economic Objective
970111 Expanding Knowledge in the Medical and Health Sciences
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