Prevalence of osteoporosis in Australian women : Geelong Osteoporosis Study

Henry, Margaret J., Pasco, Julie A., Nicholson, Geoffrey C., Seeman, Ego and Kotowicz, Mark A. 2000, Prevalence of osteoporosis in Australian women : Geelong Osteoporosis Study, Journal of clinical densitometry, vol. 3, no. 3, Autumn, pp. 261-268.


Title Prevalence of osteoporosis in Australian women : Geelong Osteoporosis Study
Author(s) Henry, Margaret J.
Pasco, Julie A.
Nicholson, Geoffrey C.
Seeman, Ego
Kotowicz, Mark A.
Journal name Journal of clinical densitometry
Volume number 3
Issue number 3
Season Autumn
Start page 261
End page 268
Total pages 8
Publisher Elsevier B.V.
Place of publication Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Publication date 2000
ISSN 1094-6950
1559-0747
Keyword(s) bone mineral density
osteoporosis
prevalence
dual X-ray absorptiometry
reference ranges
Summary To evaluate the prevalence of osteoporosis at various sites among Australian women, cross-sectional bone mineral density (BMD) data for adult females was obtained from an age-stratified population-based sample (n = 1494; 20–94 yr) drawn at random from the Barwon Statistical Division, a population characteristic of Australia. Age- and weight- (and for three sites, height) matched reference ranges for BMD at the lumbar spine, proximal femur, forearm, and total body were developed using regression techniques. The cutoff BMD level for osteoporosis at the PA spine was 0.917 g/cm2 and 0.713 g/cm2 at the femoral neck according to the World Health Organization (WHO) guidelines. The upper cutoff level for osteopenia was 1.128 g/cm2 at the PA spine and 0.913 g/cm2 for the femoral neck. The proportion of Australian women categorized as having osteoporosis at the PA spine, femoral neck, or midforearm ranged from 0.9% among those aged 40–44 yr to 87.0% for those older than 79 yr. This study provides reference data representative of the Australian female population. A large proportion of elderly Australian women has osteoporosis according to the WHO guidelines.
Language eng
Field of Research 119999 Medical and Health Sciences not elsewhere classified
Socio Economic Objective 970111 Expanding Knowledge in the Medical and Health Sciences
HERDC Research category C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2000, Elsevier B.V.
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30042778

Document type: Journal Article
Collection: School of Medicine
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