Estimates of body fat based on anthropometric measurements were compared in two groups of females, one from the local community and the other from the 1984 Australian Olympic Team. Estimates of body fat based on electrical impedance measurements were also made for the community group. For estimates of total body fat based on skinfold measurements, a significant difference of approximately 1 kg fat/m2 was observed between athletes and non-athletes. In the group of non-athletes estimates of fat based on skinfold measurements were significantly higher than those based on body mass index, with estimates from electrical impedance falling between. Electrical impedance measurements may provide a means of estimating body fat which takes into account differences in fat distribution and in the ratio of fat to fat-free tissue and may thus overcome the problems associated with estimates based on measurements of subcutaneous fat (skinfolds) or body size which do not allow for these differences.
Field of Research
119999 Medical and Health Sciences not elsewhere classified
Socio Economic Objective
970111 Expanding Knowledge in the Medical and Health Sciences