Training patterns and negative health outcomes in triathlon : longitudinal observations across a full competitive season

Main, L. C., Landers, G. J., Grove, J. R., Dawson, B. and Goodman, C. 2010, Training patterns and negative health outcomes in triathlon : longitudinal observations across a full competitive season, Journal of sports medicine and physical fitness, vol. 50, no. 4, pp. 475-485.

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Title Training patterns and negative health outcomes in triathlon : longitudinal observations across a full competitive season
Author(s) Main, L. C.ORCID iD for Main, L. C.
Landers, G. J.
Grove, J. R.
Dawson, B.
Goodman, C.
Journal name Journal of sports medicine and physical fitness
Volume number 50
Issue number 4
Start page 475
End page 485
Total pages 11
Publisher Edizioni Minerva Medica
Place of publication Turin, Italy
Publication date 2010
ISSN 0022-4707
Keyword(s) training overload
wounds and injuries
Summary AIM: Despite heavy training requirements, triathlon is a sport that is rapidly increasing in popularity. Yet, there is limited research detailing the relationship between training, the incidence of injuries and illness, psychological stress, overtraining and athlete burnout amongst triathletes. Six hypotheses relating inter-individual differences to training factors were generated to evaluate change in self-reported measures of these negative health outcomes over a training year.

METHODS: Thirty, well-trained, triathletes (males n=20: age=27.1±9.1 years and females n=10: age=27.4±6.6 years) from a local triathlon club participated in this study. The study commenced during pre-season training, and involved weekly monitoring of each athlete until the end of the competitive season 45 weeks later. Linear Mixed Modelling was used for the analysis.

RESULTS: Signs and symptoms of injury and illness (SAS) were significantly associated with increases in training factors (P≤0.05); however, greatest impact on SAS was produced by psychological stressors (P≤0.001). Common symptoms of overtraining were significantly affected by increases in exposure to both training and psychological stressors (P≤0.05). Mood disturbance was not significantly affected by training factors (P>0.05) but rather increases in psychological stressors (P≤0.001). Finally, each of the three athlete burnout subscales were significantly affected by both psychological (P≤0.001) stressors as well as varying combinations of training factors (P≤0.05).

CONCLUSIONS: Exposure to stressors (either training or psychological) had significant effects on all negative health outcomes assessed.
Language eng
Field of Research 110699 Human Movement and Sports Science not elsewhere classified
Socio Economic Objective 970111 Expanding Knowledge in the Medical and Health Sciences
HERDC Research category C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2010, Edizioni Minerva Medica
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Document type: Journal Article
Collection: School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences
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