The impact of school suspension on student tobacco use : a longitudinal study in Victoria, Australia, and Washington State, United States

Hemphill, Sheryl A., Heerde, Jessica A., Herrenkohl, Todd I., Toumbourou, John W. and Catalano, Richard, F. 2012, The impact of school suspension on student tobacco use : a longitudinal study in Victoria, Australia, and Washington State, United States, Health education and behavior, vol. 39, no. 1, pp. 45-56.

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Title The impact of school suspension on student tobacco use : a longitudinal study in Victoria, Australia, and Washington State, United States
Author(s) Hemphill, Sheryl A.
Heerde, Jessica A.
Herrenkohl, Todd I.
Toumbourou, John W.
Catalano, Richard, F.
Journal name Health education and behavior
Volume number 39
Issue number 1
Start page 45
End page 56
Publisher Sage Publications
Place of publication Thousand Oaks, Calif.
Publication date 2012-02
ISSN 1090-1981
1552-6127
Keyword(s) adolescence
cross-national study
longitudinal study
risk factors
suspension
tobacco
Summary Context: School suspension may have unintended consequences in contributing to problem behaviors, including dropping out from school, substance use, and antisocial behavior. Tobacco use is an early-onset problem behavior, but prospective studies of the effects of suspension on tobacco use are lacking.

Method: Longitudinal school-based survey of students drawn as a two-stage cluster sample, administered in 2002 and 2003, in Washington State, United States, and Victoria, Australia. The study uses statewide representative samples of students in Grades 7 and 9 (N = 3,599). Results: Rates of tobacco use were higher for Victorian than Washington State students. School suspension remained a predictor of current tobacco use at 12-month follow-up, after controlling for established risk factors including prior tobacco and other drug use for Grade 7 but not Grade 9 students.

Conclusions: School suspension is associated with early adolescent tobacco use, itself an established predictor of adverse outcomes in young people. Findings suggest the need to explore process mechanisms and alternatives to school suspensions as a response to challenging student behavior in early adolescence.
Language eng
Field of Research 179999 Psychology and Cognitive Sciences not elsewhere classified
Socio Economic Objective 970117 Expanding Knowledge in Psychology and Cognitive Sciences
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2012, Society for Public Health Education
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30042990

Document type: Journal Article
Collection: School of Psychology
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