Field evaluation of a suite of biomarkers in an Australian Tropical Reef Species, Stripey Seaperch (Lutjanus carponotatus) : Assessment of Produced Formation water from the Harriet A Platform

Codi King, Susan, Conwell, Claire, Haasch, Mary, Mondon, Julie, Mueller, Jochen, Zhu, Shiqian and Howitt, Libby 2011, Field evaluation of a suite of biomarkers in an Australian Tropical Reef Species, Stripey Seaperch (Lutjanus carponotatus) : Assessment of Produced Formation water from the Harriet A Platform, in Produced water : environmental risks and advances in mitigation technologies, Springer, New York, N.Y., pp.261-294.

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Title Field evaluation of a suite of biomarkers in an Australian Tropical Reef Species, Stripey Seaperch (Lutjanus carponotatus) : Assessment of Produced Formation water from the Harriet A Platform
Formatted title Field Evaluation of a Suite of Biomarkers in an Australian Tropical Reef Species, Stripey Seaperch (Lutjanus carponotatus) : Assessment of Produced Water from the Harriet A Platform
Author(s) Codi King, Susan
Conwell, Claire
Haasch, Mary
Mondon, Julie
Mueller, Jochen
Zhu, Shiqian
Howitt, Libby
Title of book Produced water : environmental risks and advances in mitigation technologies
Editor(s) Lee, Kenneth
Neff, Jerry
Publication date 2011
Chapter number 14
Total chapters 30
Start page 261
End page 294
Total pages 34
Publisher Springer
Place of Publication New York, N.Y.
Keyword(s) tropical fish
produced water
marine science
biomarker
biodiveristy
Summary There is paucity of data regarding hydrocarbon exposure of tropical fish species inhabiting the waters near oil and gas platforms on the Northwest Shelf of Australia. A comprehensive field study assessed the exposure and potential effects associated with the produced water (PW) plume from the Harriet A production platform on the northwest shelf in a local reef species, Stripey seaperch (Lutjanus carponotatus). This field study was a continuation of an earlier pilot study which concluded that there were “warning signs” of potential biological effects on fish populations exposed to PW. A 10-day field caging study was conducted deploying 15 individual fish into 6 separate steel cages set 1-m subsurface at 3 stations in a concentration gradient moving away from the platform. A battery of biomarkers were evaluated including hepatosomatic index (HSI), total cytochrome P450, bile metabolites, CYP1A-, CYP2K- and CYP2M-like proteins, cholinesterase (ChE) activity, and histopathology of liver and gill tissues. Water column and PW effluent samples was also collected. Results confirmed that PAH metabolites in bile, CYP1A-, CYP2K-, and CYP2M-like proteins and liver histopathology provided evidence of significant exposure and effects after 10 days at the near-field site (~200 m off the Harriet A platform). Hepatosomatic index, total cytochrome P450, and ChE did not provide site-specific differences by day 10 of exposure to PW. CYP proteins were shown by principal component analysis (PCA) to be the best diagnostic tool for determining exposure and associated biological effects of PW on L. carponotatus. Using a suite of biomarkers has been widely advocated as a vital component in environmental risk assessments worldwide. This study demonstrates the usefulness of biomarkers for assessing the Harriet A PW discharge into Australian waters with broader applications for other PW discharges. This approach has merit as a valuable addition to environmental management strategies for protecting Australia’s tropical environment and its rich biodiversity.
ISBN 1461400457
9781461400455
Language eng
Field of Research 050204 Environmental Impact Assessment
050206 Environmental Monitoring
Socio Economic Objective 960507 Ecosystem Assessment and Management of Marine Environments
HERDC Research category B1 Book chapter
HERDC collection year 2011
Copyright notice ©2011, Springer Science+Business Media, LLC
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30043163

Document type: Book Chapter
Collection: School of Life and Environmental Sciences
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