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On your bike! A cross-sectional study of the individual, social and environmental correlates of cycling to school

Trapp, Georgina S. A., Giles-Corti, Billie, Christian, Hayley E., Bulsara, Max, Timperio, Anna F., McCormack, Gavin R. and Villaneuva, Karen P. 2011, On your bike! A cross-sectional study of the individual, social and environmental correlates of cycling to school, International journal of behavioral nutrition and physical activity, vol. 8, Article number : 123, pp. 1-10.

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Title On your bike! A cross-sectional study of the individual, social and environmental correlates of cycling to school
Author(s) Trapp, Georgina S. A.
Giles-Corti, Billie
Christian, Hayley E.
Bulsara, Max
Timperio, Anna F.
McCormack, Gavin R.
Villaneuva, Karen P.
Journal name International journal of behavioral nutrition and physical activity
Volume number 8
Season Article number : 123
Start page 1
End page 10
Total pages 10
Publisher BioMed Central
Place of publication London, England
Publication date 2011
ISSN 1479-5868
Keyword(s) cycling
children
active school transport
physical activity
Summary Background : Active school transport (AST) has declined rapidly in recent decades. While many studies have examined walking, cycling to school has received very little attention. Correlates of cycling are likely to differ to those from walking and cycling enables AST from further distances. This study examined individual, social and environmental factors associated with cycling to school among elementary school-aged children, stratified by gender.

Methods :
Children (n = 1197) attending 25 Australian primary schools located in high or low walkable neighborhoods, completed a one-week travel diary and a parent/child questionnaire on travel habits and attitudes.

Results : Overall, 31.2% of boys and 14.6% of girls cycled ≥ 1 trip/week, however 59.4% of boys and 36.7% of girls reported cycling as their preferred school transport mode. In boys (but not girls), school neighborhood design was significantly associated with cycling: i.e., boys attending schools in neighborhoods with high connectivity and low traffic were 5.58 times more likely to cycle (95% CI 1.11-27.96) and for each kilometer boys lived from school the odds of cycling reduced by 0.70 (95% CI 0.63-0.99). Irrespective of gender, cycling to school was associated with parental confidence in their child's cycling ability (boys: OR 10.39; 95% CI 3.79-28.48; girls: OR 4.03; 95% CI 2.02-8.05), parental perceived convenience of driving (boys: OR 0.42; 95% CI 0.23-0.74; girls: OR 0.40; 95% CI 0.20-0.82); and child's preference to cycle (boys: OR 5.68; 95% CI 3.23-9.98; girls: OR 3.73; 95% CI 2.26-6.17).

Conclusion : School proximity, street network connectivity and traffic exposure in school neighborhoods was associated with boys (but not girls) cycling to school. Irrespective of gender, parents need to be confident in their child's cycling ability and must prioritize cycling over driving.
Notes Reproduced with the kind permission of the copyright owner.
Language eng
Field of Research 110699 Human Movement and Sports Science not elsewhere classified
Socio Economic Objective 920401 Behaviour and Health
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2011, BioMed Central
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30043872

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Every reasonable effort has been made to ensure that permission has been obtained for items included in DRO. If you believe that your rights have been infringed by this repository, please contact drosupport@deakin.edu.au.