The origin of the antibacterial property of bamboo

Afrin, T., Tsuzuki, T., Kanwar, R. K. and Wang, X. 2012, The origin of the antibacterial property of bamboo, Textile institute, vol. 103, no. 8, pp. 844-849.

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Title The origin of the antibacterial property of bamboo
Author(s) Afrin, T.
Tsuzuki, T.
Kanwar, R. K.
Wang, X.
Journal name Textile institute
Volume number 103
Issue number 8
Start page 844
End page 849
Total pages 6
Publisher Routledge
Place of publication Oxon, England
Publication date 2012-08
ISSN 0040-5000
1754-2340
Keyword(s) bamboo
antibacterial property
lignin
E. coli
Summary Bamboo is an eco-friendly and multifunctional plant. Bamboo clothing has recently entered the textile market with a claim for its antimicrobial properties, but without scientific evidence. In this study, the antibacterial activity of plant extracts from Australian-grown bamboo (Phyllostachys pubescens) is investigated. Bamboo extracts were made using water, dimethyl sulphoxide (DMSO) and dioxane and their antibacterial properties were compared against Gram-negative bacteria, Escherichia coli. It was found that the extract made in 20% DMSO aqueous solution showed weak antibacterial activity, whereas the extract made using 90% dioxane aqueous solution exhibited strong antibacterial activity, even after 20 times dilution. The results indicate that antibacterial agents of P. pubescens are located in lignin, not in hemicellulose or other water-soluble chemical components.
Notes Article first available online 1st November 2011
Language eng
Field of Research 091012 Textile Technology
Socio Economic Objective 820105 Softwood Plantations
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2012, The Textile Institute
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30044148

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