How honeybees make grazing landings on flat surfaces

Srinivasan, M. V., Zhang, S. W., Chahl, J. S., Barth, E. and Venkatesh, S. 2000, How honeybees make grazing landings on flat surfaces, Biological cybernetics, vol. 83, no. 3, pp. 171-183, doi: 10.1007/s004220000162.

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Title How honeybees make grazing landings on flat surfaces
Author(s) Srinivasan, M. V.
Zhang, S. W.
Chahl, J. S.
Barth, E.
Venkatesh, S.ORCID iD for Venkatesh, S.
Journal name Biological cybernetics
Volume number 83
Issue number 3
Start page 171
End page 183
Total pages 13
Publisher Springer
Place of publication Berlin, Germany
Publication date 2000
ISSN 0340-1200
Keyword(s) bee
biological model
computer simulation
psychomotor performance
Summary Freely flying bees were filmed as they landed on a flat, horizontal surface, to investigate the underlying visuomotor control strategies. The results reveal that (1) landing bees approach the surface at a relatively shallow descent angle; (2) they tend to hold the angular velocity of the image of the surface constant as they approach it; and (3) the instantaneous speed of descent is proportional to the instantaneous forward speed. These characteristics reflect a surprisingly simple and effective strategy for achieving a smooth landing, by which the forward and descent speeds are automatically reduced as the surface is approached and are both close to zero at touchdown. No explicit knowledge of flight speed or height above the ground is necessary. A model of the control scheme is developed and its predictions are verified. It is also shown that, during landing, the bee decelerates continuously and in such a way as to keep the projected time to touchdown constant as the surface is approached. The feasibility of this landing strategy is demonstrated by implementation in a robotic gantry equipped with vision.
Language eng
DOI 10.1007/s004220000162
Field of Research 060102 Bioinformatics
Socio Economic Objective 890205 Information Processing Services (incl. Data Entry and Capture)
HERDC Research category C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2000, Springer-Verlag
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