Diversity and thermal comfort in outdoor places

Kenawy, Inji and Elkadi, Hisham 2011, Diversity and thermal comfort in outdoor places, International journal of diversity in organizations, communities and nations, vol. 11, no. 1, pp. 237-248.

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Title Diversity and thermal comfort in outdoor places
Author(s) Kenawy, Inji
Elkadi, Hisham
Journal name International journal of diversity in organizations, communities and nations
Volume number 11
Issue number 1
Start page 237
End page 248
Total pages 12
Publisher Common Ground Publishing
Place of publication Altona, Vic.
Publication date 2011
ISSN 1447-9532
1447-9583
Keyword(s) diversity
thermal comfort
outdoor places
Summary Sustainable cities should be livable cities where people from different backgrounds and with different aspirations can meet and interact with each other. Public places being the urban stages where the social interactions happen are considered important parts of cities (Thompson, 2002; Varna, 2009). They can contribute to enhance the quality of life within cities, or contrarily increase isolation and social exclusion (Lo et al., 2003). As a consequence of globalization and the development of global cities, the level of international migration has been growing in the last decades creating a plurality of different cultures in global cities and inspiring in such cities a multicultural nature (O'Byrne, 1997; Short and Kim, 1999; Hawkins, 2006). This created new challenges in urban planning or the management of the coexistence of different people that are having different characteristics that shape their unique identity and needs in the shared spaces (Sandercock, 2004). Ideally, in order to invite a diversity of users, urban outdoor places should provide significant functional and physical qualities, and accessibility to them, which induce the fulfillment of physiological, psychological and social needs (Carr et al., 1992; Jacobs, 1993; Sandholz, 2007). Users’ state of comfort as stated by researchers gives a good indication for how successful is the public outdoor places (Rosheidat et al., 2008; Kwong et al., 2009; Aljawabra and Nikolopoulou, 2010). In order to create a successful open space usable by all members of a community, urban designers need to satisfy their comfort needs in its wider meaning according to a variety of different ages, genders and cultural backgrounds (Knez and Thorsson, 2006; Thorsson et al., 2007). The main aim of the research is to examine the influence of culture and environmental attitude on participants’ thermal requirements in outdoor public places. The paper explores the variables that constitute a successful multicultural design, issues of cultural complexity, and the measuring comfort in specific outdoor public place. Qualitative analysis of a case study provides the main research methodology of the research. The conclusion will provide a set of criteria that guide future design and development of a successful shared outdoor public places.
Language eng
Field of Research 120508 Urban Design
200206 Globalisation and Culture
Socio Economic Objective 960399 Climate and Climate Change not elsewhere classified
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2011, Common Ground, Inji Kenawy, Hisham ElKadi
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30044339

Document type: Journal Article
Collection: School of Architecture and Built Environment
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