Towards automatic extraction of expressive elements from motion pictures : tempo
Adams, Brett, Dorai, Chitra and Venkatesh, Svetha 2000, Towards automatic extraction of expressive elements from motion pictures : tempo, in ICME 2000 : Proceedings of the IEEE International Conference on Multi-Media and Expo, IEEE, [Washington, D. C.], pp. 641-644, doi: 10.1109/ICME.2000.871444.
This paper proposes a unique computational approach to extraction of expressive elements of motion pictures for deriving high level semantics of stories portrayed, thus enabling better video annotation and interpretation systems. This approach, motivated and directed by the existing cinematic conventions known as film grammar, as a first step towards demonstrating its effectiveness, uses the attributes of motion and shot length to define and compute a novel measure of tempo of a movie. Tempo flow plots are defined and derived for four full-length movies and edge analysis is performed leading to the extraction of dramatic story sections and events signaled by their unique tempo. The results confirm tempo as a useful attribute in its own right and a promising component of semantic constructs such as tone or mood of a film.
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