Creating communities that lead to retention : the social worlds and communities of umpires

Kellett, Pamm and Warner, Stacy 2011, Creating communities that lead to retention : the social worlds and communities of umpires, European sport management quarterly, vol. 11, no. 5, pp. 471-494, doi: 10.1080/16184742.2011.624109.

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Title Creating communities that lead to retention : the social worlds and communities of umpires
Author(s) Kellett, PammORCID iD for Kellett, Pamm
Warner, Stacy
Journal name European sport management quarterly
Volume number 11
Issue number 5
Start page 471
End page 494
Total pages 14
Publisher Routledge
Place of publication Abingdon, England
Publication date 2011-12
ISSN 1618-4742
Keyword(s) officiating
sense of community
referee management
social worlds
Summary Umpires (referees) are essential for sport competition, yet many sports report difficulty in recruiting and retaining umpires. Therefore, this research sought to better understand what experiences will ensure continued participation in umpiring. Previous literature suggests that the communities created are vital to umpire retention. Thus, the aim of this research was to identify the factors that lead to, or detract from sense of community for umpires. Twenty-two Australian Rules football umpires were interviewed using a semi-structured approach. This study revealed that Lack of Administration Consideration, Inequity (specifically related to remuneration and resources), Competition, Common Interest (specifically in the sport, interactions within football community, and/or within social spaces) impacted the development of sense of community for umpires. This study demonstrates that as umpires move through their careers, the outcome of the noted factors to enhance or detract from sense of community change. Implications for umpire education, accreditation, and management aimed at retaining umpires are discussed.
Language eng
DOI 10.1080/16184742.2011.624109
Field of Research 150404 Sport and Leisure Management
Socio Economic Objective 910402 Management
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2011, Taylor & Francis
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