Are children's perceptions of neighbourhood social environments associated with their walking and physical activity?

Hume, Clare, Jorna, Michelle, Arundell, Lauren, Saunders, Julie, Crawford, David and Salmon, Jo 2009, Are children's perceptions of neighbourhood social environments associated with their walking and physical activity?, Journal of medicine and science in sport, vol. 12, no. 6, pp. 637-641.

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Title Are children's perceptions of neighbourhood social environments associated with their walking and physical activity?
Author(s) Hume, Clare
Jorna, Michelle
Arundell, Lauren
Saunders, Julie
Crawford, David
Salmon, Jo
Journal name Journal of medicine and science in sport
Volume number 12
Issue number 6
Start page 637
End page 641
Publisher Elsevier Australia
Place of publication Sydney, N.S.W.
Publication date 2009-11
ISSN 1440-2440
1878-1861
Keyword(s) walking
health behaviour
environment
child
residence characteristics
motor activity
Summary This study aimed to examine cross-sectional associations between neighbourhood social environmental factors and physical activity (PA) among Australian primary school children. Baseline data from a large-scale trial among 957 children (48% boys) aged 9–12 years were utilised. Children self-reported their perceptions of the neighbourhood social environment including social networks (e.g. there are lots of other children around to play with), and social capital (e.g. there are lots of people in my area I could go to if I need help). Children also self-reported their weekly walking frequency and PA from which average daily moderate to vigorous PA (MVPA) was calculated. Linear regression analyses examined these associations. Boys performed 17 min/day more MVPA than girls (p < 0.01), and girls performed one extra trip/week than boys (p < 0.001). Children’s perceptions of social capital (p < 0.0001) and social networks (p < 0.01) were both positively associated with MVPA and social capital was positively associated with walking frequency (p < 0.05). These associations were not moderated by the child’s sex. These findings suggest that children who had positive perceptions of neighbourhood social capital and social networks in the neighbourhood, tended to be more physically active. Longitudinal and experimental studies are required to further test the influence of these factors among children.
Language eng
Field of Research 111706 Epidemiology
Socio Economic Objective 920401 Behaviour and Health
HERDC Research category C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2008, Sports Medicine Australia
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30044967

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