You are not logged in.
Openly accessible

Rates of common communicable illnesses in non-anaemic 12-24 month old South Island, New Zealand children

Cross, Andrea J., Heath, Anne-Louise M., Ferguson, Elaine L., Gray, Andrew R. and Szymlek-Gay, Ewa A. 2009, Rates of common communicable illnesses in non-anaemic 12-24 month old South Island, New Zealand children, New Zealand medical journal, vol. 122, no. 1290, pp. 24-35.

Attached Files
Name Description MIMEType Size Downloads
szymlekgay-ratesofcommon-2009.pdf Published version application/pdf 484.61KB 100

Title Rates of common communicable illnesses in non-anaemic 12-24 month old South Island, New Zealand children
Author(s) Cross, Andrea J.
Heath, Anne-Louise M.
Ferguson, Elaine L.
Gray, Andrew R.
Szymlek-Gay, Ewa A.ORCID iD for Szymlek-Gay, Ewa A. orcid.org/0000-0002-6533-7945
Journal name New Zealand medical journal
Volume number 122
Issue number 1290
Start page 24
End page 35
Total pages 12
Publisher New Zealand Medical Association
Place of publication Christchurch, N. Z.
Publication date 2009-02-27
ISSN 0028-8446
1175-8716
Keyword(s) communicable illnesses
non-anaemic children
South Island, New Zealand
Summary Aims : To describe the incidence of parentally reported illness in otherwise healthy South Island toddlers; characterise the predictors of illness; and determine whether there was a relationship between teething and illness in this population.

Methods :
A 20-week randomised controlled trial was conducted on 1-year-old children (n=225) from Otago and Southland between February 2004 and December 2005. Information on symptoms of morbidity, occurrence of teething, and childcare attendance were recorded daily throughout the intervention period. Morbidity symptoms were categorised into respiratory illness (RI), gastrointestinal illness (GII), ear infection, and total illness, and the number and duration of events were determined.

Results :
The mean (SD) number of total illnesses was 3.4 (2.3) per 20 weeks, with an average duration of 4.5 days. Episodes of RI were most common (50% of total illness events), and tended to be the longest in duration (mean of 3.7 days). Having siblings aged less than 5 years (23% increase, 95%CI 6%–42%, p=0.007) and attending childcare (72% increase, 95%CI 38%–113%, p<0.001)), were positively associated with the number of total illness events but not duration. In addition, teething was positively associated with total events (OR 1.94, 95%CI 1.45–2.60, p<0.001), RI events (OR 2.03, 95%CI 1.41–2.93, p<0.001) and GII events (OR 1.90, 95%CI 1.36–2.67, p<0.001).

Conclusion :
This study has shown that illness (particularly RI) is common in the second year of life. It has also confirmed that attending childcare and having siblings aged under 5 years increases the number of illness events. An association between teething and the occurrence of illness was also seen but the exact nature of this relationship requires verification.
Notes Reproduced with the kind permission of the copyright owner.
Language eng
Field of Research 119999 Medical and Health Sciences not elsewhere classified
Socio Economic Objective 970111 Expanding Knowledge in the Medical and Health Sciences
HERDC Research category C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2009, NZMA
Free to Read? Yes
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30045242

Document type: Journal Article
Collections: School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences
Open Access Collection
Connect to link resolver
 
Link to Related Work
 
Unless expressly stated otherwise, the copyright for items in DRO is owned by the author, with all rights reserved.

Every reasonable effort has been made to ensure that permission has been obtained for items included in DRO. If you believe that your rights have been infringed by this repository, please contact drosupport@deakin.edu.au.

Versions
Version Filter Type
Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 0 times in TR Web of Science
Scopus Citation Count Cited 5 times in Scopus
Google Scholar Search Google Scholar
Access Statistics: 286 Abstract Views, 97 File Downloads  -  Detailed Statistics
Created: Mon, 14 May 2012, 14:01:15 EST

Every reasonable effort has been made to ensure that permission has been obtained for items included in DRO. If you believe that your rights have been infringed by this repository, please contact drosupport@deakin.edu.au.