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Quantities of foods consumed by 12- to 24-month-old New Zealand children

Szymlek-Gay, Ewa A., Ferguson, Elaine L., Heath, Anne-Louse M. and Fleming, Elizabeth A. 2010, Quantities of foods consumed by 12- to 24-month-old New Zealand children, Nutrition & dietetics, vol. 67, no. 4, pp. 244-250, doi: 10.1111/j.1747-0080.2010.01471.x.

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Title Quantities of foods consumed by 12- to 24-month-old New Zealand children
Author(s) Szymlek-Gay, Ewa A.
Ferguson, Elaine L.
Heath, Anne-Louse M.
Fleming, Elizabeth A.
Journal name Nutrition & dietetics
Volume number 67
Issue number 4
Start page 244
End page 250
Total pages 7
Publisher Wiley-Blackwell Publishing Asia
Place of publication Richmond, Vic.
Publication date 2010-12
ISSN 1446-6368
1747-0080
Keyword(s) food intake
food preference
infant
micronutrient
New Zealand
Summary Aim:  The present study aimed to estimate small, median and large daily quantities of frequently consumed foods and identify which food groups are important sources of key micronutrients for 12- to 24-month-old New Zealand children.

Methods:
  A community-based cross-sectional survey was conducted in three cities in the South Island of New Zealand. Healthy toddlers (n = 188) were randomly selected using multistage sampling. Three non-consecutive 1-day weighed food records were collected from each child and the frequencies and daily quantities of foods and beverages, and important sources of iron and zinc, were determined.

Results:
  Fifty percent or more of the children consumed the following foods at least once over 3 days (median gram intake among toddlers who consumed the food): milk (366 g), white bread (29 g), banana (70 g), potato (34 g), cheese (12 g), apple (39 g), ‘Weetbix’ whole-wheat breakfast cereal (16 g), yeast extract spread (‘Marmite’, ‘Vegemite’) (2 g), carrot (17 g) and margarine (4 g). Dairy, cereals and the meat/fish/poultry/eggs/nuts food group were the most important sources of iron and zinc in the toddlers' diets, providing 69.1% of iron and 86.3% of zinc.

Conclusion:
  This research provides dietitians, other health professionals, researchers and policy-makers with detailed information on daily quantities of foods and beverages frequently consumed by toddlers that can be used for dietetic counselling, dietary assessment, and to develop food-based dietary guidelines specifically for toddlers.
Language eng
DOI 10.1111/j.1747-0080.2010.01471.x
Field of Research 119999 Medical and Health Sciences not elsewhere classified
Socio Economic Objective 970111 Expanding Knowledge in the Medical and Health Sciences
HERDC Research category C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2010, The Authors
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30045253

Document type: Journal Article
Collection: School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences
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Created: Mon, 14 May 2012, 14:01:46 EST

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