Quantities of foods consumed by 12- to 24-month-old New Zealand children

Szymlek-Gay, Ewa A., Ferguson, Elaine L., Heath, Anne-Louse M. and Fleming, Elizabeth A. 2010, Quantities of foods consumed by 12- to 24-month-old New Zealand children, Nutrition & dietetics, vol. 67, no. 4, pp. 244-250, doi: 10.1111/j.1747-0080.2010.01471.x.

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Title Quantities of foods consumed by 12- to 24-month-old New Zealand children
Author(s) Szymlek-Gay, Ewa A.ORCID iD for Szymlek-Gay, Ewa A. orcid.org/0000-0002-6533-7945
Ferguson, Elaine L.
Heath, Anne-Louse M.
Fleming, Elizabeth A.
Journal name Nutrition & dietetics
Volume number 67
Issue number 4
Start page 244
End page 250
Total pages 7
Publisher Wiley-Blackwell Publishing Asia
Place of publication Richmond, Vic.
Publication date 2010-12
ISSN 1446-6368
Keyword(s) food intake
food preference
New Zealand
Summary Aim:  The present study aimed to estimate small, median and large daily quantities of frequently consumed foods and identify which food groups are important sources of key micronutrients for 12- to 24-month-old New Zealand children.

  A community-based cross-sectional survey was conducted in three cities in the South Island of New Zealand. Healthy toddlers (n = 188) were randomly selected using multistage sampling. Three non-consecutive 1-day weighed food records were collected from each child and the frequencies and daily quantities of foods and beverages, and important sources of iron and zinc, were determined.

  Fifty percent or more of the children consumed the following foods at least once over 3 days (median gram intake among toddlers who consumed the food): milk (366 g), white bread (29 g), banana (70 g), potato (34 g), cheese (12 g), apple (39 g), ‘Weetbix’ whole-wheat breakfast cereal (16 g), yeast extract spread (‘Marmite’, ‘Vegemite’) (2 g), carrot (17 g) and margarine (4 g). Dairy, cereals and the meat/fish/poultry/eggs/nuts food group were the most important sources of iron and zinc in the toddlers' diets, providing 69.1% of iron and 86.3% of zinc.

  This research provides dietitians, other health professionals, researchers and policy-makers with detailed information on daily quantities of foods and beverages frequently consumed by toddlers that can be used for dietetic counselling, dietary assessment, and to develop food-based dietary guidelines specifically for toddlers.
Language eng
DOI 10.1111/j.1747-0080.2010.01471.x
Field of Research 119999 Medical and Health Sciences not elsewhere classified
Socio Economic Objective 970111 Expanding Knowledge in the Medical and Health Sciences
HERDC Research category C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2010, The Authors
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30045253

Document type: Journal Article
Collection: School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences
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