MyanmarMyanmar is a developing country with significant humanitarian needs. It is therefore a country for which achieving the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) should be a high priority. While exact data are difficult to obtain, Myanmar is performing poorly across most of the MDG targets. This is partly an unintended but direct consequence of the international sanctions and concomitant reduced aid flows into Myanmar. Myanmar receives the lowest level of aid per person of any of the 50 Least Developed Countries, raising the very direct question of whether the MDGs are relevant or achievable in Myanmar. Failure to achieve the MDGs could have serious implications in 2015 on future international funding and on reform programmes in the country. This paper considers how the political goals of the international community negatively impact upon the ability to achieve the MDGs and proposes a way forward by increasing aid and by tailoring theMDGs to theMyanmar context, as several regional neighbours have done.