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Correlates of socio-economic inequalities in women’s television viewing : a study of intrapersonal, social and environmental mediators

Teychenne, Megan, Ball, Kylie and Salmon, Jo 2012, Correlates of socio-economic inequalities in women’s television viewing : a study of intrapersonal, social and environmental mediators, The international journal of behavioral nutrition and physical activity, vol. 9, no. 3, Article number 3, pp. 1-7.

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Title Correlates of socio-economic inequalities in women’s television viewing : a study of intrapersonal, social and environmental mediators
Author(s) Teychenne, Megan
Ball, Kylie
Salmon, Jo
Journal name The international journal of behavioral nutrition and physical activity
Volume number 9
Issue number 3
Season Article number 3
Start page 1
End page 7
Total pages 7
Publisher BioMed Central Ltd
Place of publication London, England
Publication date 2012-01-20
ISSN 1479-5868
Keyword(s) television
women
inequalities
socio-economic position
Summary Introduction

Socio-economically disadvantaged women are at a greater risk of spending excess time engaged in television viewing, a behavior linked to several adverse health outcomes. However, the factors which explain socio-economic differences in television viewing are unknown. This study aimed to investigate the contribution of intrapersonal, social and environmental factors to mediating socio-economic (educational) inequalities in women's television viewing.
Methods

Cross-sectional data were provided by 1,554 women (aged 18-65) who participated in the 'Socio-economic Status and Activity in Women study' of 2004. Based on an ecological framework, women self-reported their socio-economic position (highest education level), television viewing, as well as a number of potential intrapersonal (enjoyment of television viewing, preference for leisure-time sedentary behavior, depression, stress, weight status), social (social participation, interpersonal trust, social cohesion, social support for physical activity from friends and from family) and physical activity environmental factors (safety, aesthetics, distance to places of interest, and distance to physical activity facilities).
Results

Multiple mediating analyses showed that two intrapersonal factors (enjoyment of television viewing and weight status) and two social factors (social cohesion and social support from friends for physical activity) partly explained the educational inequalities in women's television viewing. No physical activity environmental factors mediated educational variations in television viewing.
Conclusions

Acknowledging the cross-sectional nature of this study, these findings suggest that health promotion interventions aimed at reducing educational inequalities in television viewing should focus on intrapersonal and social strategies, particularly providing enjoyable alternatives to television viewing, weight-loss/management information, increasing social cohesion in the neighborhood and promoting friend support for activity.
Notes This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Language eng
Field of Research 110699 Human Movement and Sports Science not elsewhere classified
Socio Economic Objective 920401 Behaviour and Health
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2012, Teychenne et al;
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30046197

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Every reasonable effort has been made to ensure that permission has been obtained for items included in DRO. If you believe that your rights have been infringed by this repository, please contact drosupport@deakin.edu.au.