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How does perceived risk mediate associations between perceived safety and parental restriction of adolescents' physical activity in their neighborhood?

Carver, Alison, Timperio, Anna F., Hesketh, Kylie D. and Crawford, David A. 2012, How does perceived risk mediate associations between perceived safety and parental restriction of adolescents' physical activity in their neighborhood?, International journal of behavioral nutrition and physical activity, vol. 9, no. 57, pp. 1-7.

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Title How does perceived risk mediate associations between perceived safety and parental restriction of adolescents' physical activity in their neighborhood?
Author(s) Carver, Alison
Timperio, Anna F.
Hesketh, Kylie D.
Crawford, David A.
Journal name International journal of behavioral nutrition and physical activity
Volume number 9
Issue number 57
Start page 1
End page 7
Total pages 7
Publisher BioMed Central Ltd
Place of publication London, England
Publication date 2012-05-18
ISSN 1479-5868
Keyword(s) Constrained behavior
Youth
Mediation
Victimization
Summary Background
There is evidence that adolescence is a critical period of decline in physical activity. However, adolescents may have limited opportunities to be physically active outdoors if their parents are concerned about neighborhood safety and restrict their adolescent’s physical activity within their neighborhood. Pathways that lead to parental restriction of adolescents’ physical activity (constrained behavior) are under-researched. This study aimed to examine perceived risk as a potential mediator of associations between perceived safety/victimization and constrained behavior.
Methods
Cross-sectional study of adolescents (43% boys) aged 15–17 years (n = 270) in Melbourne, Australia. Parents reported perceived safety (road safety, incivilities and personal safety) and prior victimization in their neighborhood, perceived risk of their children being harmed and whether they constrained their adolescent’s physical activity. Constrained behavior was categorized as ‘avoidance’ or ‘defensive’ behavior depending on a whether physical activity was avoided or modified, respectively, due to perceived risk. MacKinnon’s product-of-coefficients test of mediation was used to assess potential mediating pathways between perceived safety/victimization and constrained behavior.
Results
For girls only, perceived risk was a significant mediator of associations between perceived road safety and avoidance/defensive behavior, and between perceived incivilities, perceived personal safety, victimization and defensive behavior.
Conclusions
Associations between perceived safety/victimization and constrained behavior are complex. Findings may guide the design of interventions that aim to improve actual and perceived levels of safety and reduce perceptions of risk. This is of particular importance for adolescent girls among whom low and declining levels of physical activity have been observed worldwide.

Notes This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Language eng
Field of Research 110699 Human Movement and Sports Science not elsewhere classified
Socio Economic Objective 920401 Behaviour and Health
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2012, Carver et al.
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30046202

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Every reasonable effort has been made to ensure that permission has been obtained for items included in DRO. If you believe that your rights have been infringed by this repository, please contact drosupport@deakin.edu.au.