Takeaway food consumption and cardio-metabolic risk factors in young adults

Smith, K. J., Blizzard, L., McNaughton, S. A., Gall, S. L., Dwyer, T. and Venn, A. J. 2012, Takeaway food consumption and cardio-metabolic risk factors in young adults, European journal of clinical nutrition, vol. 66, no. 5, pp. 577-584.

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Title Takeaway food consumption and cardio-metabolic risk factors in young adults
Author(s) Smith, K. J.
Blizzard, L.
McNaughton, S. A.
Gall, S. L.
Dwyer, T.
Venn, A. J.
Journal name European journal of clinical nutrition
Volume number 66
Issue number 5
Start page 577
End page 584
Total pages 8
Publisher Nature Publishing Group
Place of publication London, England
Publication date 2012-05
ISSN 0954-3007
Keyword(s) takeaway food
cardio-metabolic risk
abdominal obesity
insulin
lipids
Summary Background/objectives: Takeaway food consumption is positively associated with adiposity. Little is known about the associations with other cardio-metabolic risk factors. This study aimed to determine whether takeaway food consumption is associated with fasting glucose, insulin, lipids, homeostasis model assessment (HOMA) and blood pressure.

Subjects/methods:
A national sample of 1896, 26–36 year olds completed a questionnaire on socio-demographics, takeaway food consumption, physical activity and sedentary behaviour. Waist circumference and blood pressure were measured, and a fasting blood sample was taken. For this analysis, takeaway food consumption was dichotomised to once a week or less and twice a week or more. Linear regression was used to calculate differences in the adjusted mean values for fasting lipids, glucose, insulin, HOMA and blood pressure. Models were adjusted for age, employment status, leisure time physical activity and TV viewing.

Results:
Compared with women who ate takeaway once a week or less, women who ate takeaway twice a week or more had significantly higher adjusted mean fasting glucose (4.82 vs 4.88 mmol/l, respectively; P=0.045), higher HOMA scores (1.27 vs 1.40, respectively, P=0.034) and tended to have a higher mean fasting insulin (5.95 vs 6.45 mU/l, respectively, P=0.054). Similar associations were observed for men for fasting insulin and HOMA score, but the differences were not statistically significant. For both women and men adjustment for waist circumference attenuated the associations.

Conclusion: Consuming takeaway food at least twice a week was associated with cardio-metabolic risk factors in women but less so in men. The effect of takeaway food consumption was attenuated when adjusted for obesity.
Language eng
Field of Research 111199 Nutrition and Dietetics not elsewhere classified
Socio Economic Objective 920411 Nutrition
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2012, Macmillan Publishers
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30046218

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Created: Tue, 24 Jul 2012, 15:21:31 EST by Jane Moschetti

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