Striving for success or addiction? Exercise dependence among elite Australian athletes

McNamara, Justin and McCabe, Martia P. 2012, Striving for success or addiction? Exercise dependence among elite Australian athletes, Journal of sports sciences, vol. 30, no. 8, pp. 755-766.

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Title Striving for success or addiction? Exercise dependence among elite Australian athletes
Author(s) McNamara, Justin
McCabe, Martia P.
Journal name Journal of sports sciences
Volume number 30
Issue number 8
Start page 755
End page 766
Total pages 12
Publisher Routledge
Place of publication Abingdon, England
Publication date 2012-04
ISSN 0264-0414
1466-447X
Keyword(s) biopsychosocial model
training and exercise
social support
pressure from coaches
Summary Exercise dependence is a condition that involves a preoccupation and involvement with training and exercise, and has serious health and performance consequences for athletes. We examined the validity of a biopsychosocial model to explain the development and maintenance of exercise dependence among elite Australian athletes. Participants were 234 elite Australian athletes recruited from institutes and academies of sport. Thirty-four percent of elite athletes were classified as having exercise dependence based on high scores on the measure of exercise dependence. These athletes had a higher body mass index, and more extreme and maladaptive exercise beliefs compared to non-dependent athletes. They also reported higher pressure from coaches and teammates, and lower social support, compared to athletes who were not exercise dependent. These results support the utility of a biopsychosocial model of exercise dependence in understanding the aetiology of exercise dependence among elite athletes. Limitations of the study and future research directions are highlighted.
Language eng
Field of Research 170114 Sport and Exercise Psychology
Socio Economic Objective 920401 Behaviour and Health
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2012, Taylor & Francis
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30046612

Document type: Journal Article
Collection: School of Psychology
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