Needleless eletrospinning of polystyrene fibers with an oriented surface line texture
Huang, Chen, Niu, Haitao, Wu, Jinglei, Ke, Qinfei, Mo, Xiumei and Lin, Tong 2012, Needleless eletrospinning of polystyrene fibers with an oriented surface line texture, Journal of nanomaterials, vol. 2012, pp. 1-7, doi: 10.1155/2012/473872.
We have demonstrated that polystyrene (PS) nanofibers having an ordered surface line texture can be produced on a large scale from a PS solution of acetone and N,N′-dimethylformamide (2/1, vol/vol) by a needleless electrospinning technique using a disc as fiber generator. The formation of the unusual surface feature was investigated and attributed to the voids formed on the surface of jets due to the fast evaporation of acetone at the early stage of electrospinning, and subsequent elongation and solidification turning the voids into ordered lines on fiber surface. In comparison with the nanofibers electrospun by a conventional needle electrospinning using the same solution, the disc electrospun fibers were finer with similar diameter distribution. The fiber production rate for the disc electrospinning was 62 times higher than that of the conventional electrospinning. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy and X-ray diffraction measurements indicated that the PS nanofibers produced from the two electrospinning techniques showed no significant difference in chemical component, albeit slightly higher crystallinity in the disc spun nanofibers.
Field of Research
091205 Functional Materials 091209 Polymers and Plastics 090301 Biomaterials
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