Changes in wool protein structure and fabric properties with ultrasonic treatment

Li, Qing, Lin, Tong and Wang, Xungai 2011, Changes in wool protein structure and fabric properties with ultrasonic treatment, in 1st International Textile Conference Kafrelsheikh University - Book of Abstract, Kafrelsheikh University, Cairo, Egypt, pp. 151-151.


Title Changes in wool protein structure and fabric properties with ultrasonic treatment
Author(s) Li, Qing
Lin, Tong
Wang, Xungai
Conference name World Textile Conference SMARTEX (2011 : Cairo, Egypt)
Conference location Cairo, Egypt
Conference dates 22-24 Nov. 2011
Title of proceedings 1st International Textile Conference Kafrelsheikh University - Book of Abstract
Publication date 2011
Start page 151
End page 151
Total pages 1 p.
Publisher Kafrelsheikh University
Place of publication Cairo, Egypt
Keyword(s) wool
ultrasonics
protein structure
tensile properties
thermal properties
fibre science
Summary Wool fabrics, ultrasonically treated for different time durations, were analysed by Fourier transform infrared (FTIR), differential scanning calorimeter (DSC), and thermo-gravimetric analysis (TGA), in comparison with the wool without ultrasonic treatment. Fabric tensile and thermal properties were measured in addition to the fibre micro structure analysis. Wool protein chains in the macro fibrils were shown to be rearranged to a more regular and less flexible structure, as a result of the ultrasonically treated fabric. Prolonged ultrasonic treatment, however, significantly reduced both fabric tenacity and extensibility. Wool treated with ultrasonics was found to have less mass loss and a higher thermal degradation temperature than that of without ultrasonic treatment and prolonged treated. DSC analysis showed that while ultrasonic treatment has little effect on the fibre crystallinity, an appropriate treatment can provide wool with increased water absorption.
ISSN 2090-7109
Language eng
Field of Research 020301 Acoustics and Acoustical Devices; Waves
091012 Textile Technology
Socio Economic Objective 970110 Expanding Knowledge in Technology
HERDC Research category E2 Full written paper - non-refereed / Abstract reviewed
HERDC collection year 2011
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30047120

Document type: Conference Paper
Collection: Centre for Material and Fibre Innovation
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