Examination of the effect of mental reinstatement of context acress developmental level, retention interval and type of mnemonic instruction

Dietze, Paul M., Powell, Martine B. and Thomson, Donald M. 2012, Examination of the effect of mental reinstatement of context acress developmental level, retention interval and type of mnemonic instruction, Psychiatry, psychology and law, vol. 19, no. 1, pp. 89-103.

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Title Examination of the effect of mental reinstatement of context acress developmental level, retention interval and type of mnemonic instruction
Author(s) Dietze, Paul M.
Powell, Martine B.
Thomson, Donald M.
Journal name Psychiatry, psychology and law
Volume number 19
Issue number 1
Start page 89
End page 103
Total pages 15
Publisher Routledge
Place of publication Oxon, England
Publication date 2012-02
ISSN 1321-8719
1934-1687
Keyword(s) children
cognitive interview
eyewitness memory
mental reinstatement
Summary The effect of mental reinstatement of context was examined using a 4*5*2 factorial design incorporating four age groups (6-year-olds, 8-year-olds, 11-year-olds and adults), two retention intervals (1 day and 2 weeks after the stimulus event) and five interview conditions. The interview conditions included; free recall, mental reinstatement-environment (where the setting was reinstated but no event-related detail was provided in the mnemonic instruction), mental reinstatement-event (where specific event-related content was provided), mental reinstatement-combined (a combination of the two above-mentioned methods) and specific questions. Overall, mental reinstatement (irrespective of the type) was found to enhance correct recall performance compared to free recall and (unlike specific questions) it did not lead to greater number of commission errors. Contrary to our initial predictions, however, there was no evidence of any special benefit of mental reinstatement for children and the effect of the technique did not vary consistently as a function of retention interval.
Language eng
Field of Research 170104 Forensic Psychology
Socio Economic Objective 970117 Expanding Knowledge in Psychology and Cognitive Sciences
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2012, The Australian and New Zealand Association of Psychiatry, Psychology and Law
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30047281

Document type: Journal Article
Collections: School of Psychology
Higher Education Research Group
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Created: Tue, 21 Aug 2012, 13:32:49 EST by Jane Moschetti

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