New technologies to access lens-mediated effects of the cornea

Fonn, Desmond, Simpson, Trefford, Woods, Jill and Woods, Craig 2007, New technologies to access lens-mediated effects of the cornea, Eye and contact lens, vol. 33, no. 6, pp. 364-370, doi: 10.1097/ICL.0b013e318157c98f.

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Title New technologies to access lens-mediated effects of the cornea
Author(s) Fonn, Desmond
Simpson, Trefford
Woods, Jill
Woods, CraigORCID iD for Woods, Craig
Journal name Eye and contact lens
Volume number 33
Issue number 6
Start page 364
End page 370
Total pages 7
Publisher Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
Place of publication Philadelphia, Pa.
Publication date 2007-11
ISSN 1542-233X
Keyword(s) optical coherence tomography
confocal microscopy
corneal epithelium
corneal staining
Summary Contact lenses can affect the cornea in a variety of ways. Corneal structure can be altered so that its thickness changes to involve the epithelium and the stroma. As a result, the curvature may be affected, but whether it is the front or the back surface that is affected depends on the type of lens used. If thickness increases sufficiently, corneal transparency may decrease. Contact lenses can also affect cellular structure of all layers of the cornea through mechanical trauma, hypoxia, or toxicity from solutions that are used in association with lenses. More serious complications, such as inflammation and infection, can arise. All these changes can be detected by clinicians using slitlamp biomicroscopes and keratometers if the changes are significant enough. Since the development of computers, optical instruments have become more sophisticated and have enabled the detection of subtle changes but have also facilitated more precise measurement of these conditions along with the ability to capture images of the alterations or defects. This article describes some of the newer techniques and, specifically, the application of optical coherence tomography, confocal microscopy, and esthesiometry.
Language eng
DOI 10.1097/ICL.0b013e318157c98f
Field of Research 119999 Medical and Health Sciences not elsewhere classified
Socio Economic Objective 970111 Expanding Knowledge in the Medical and Health Sciences
HERDC Research category C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2007, Contact Lens Association of Ophthalmologists, Inc.
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Document type: Journal Article
Collection: School of Medicine
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