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Survey of contact lens prescribing to infants, children, and teenagers

Efron, Nathan, Morgan, Philip B., Woods, Craig A. and International Contact Lens Prescribing Survey Consortium 2011, Survey of contact lens prescribing to infants, children, and teenagers, Optometry and vision science, vol. 88, no. 4, pp. 461-468, doi: 10.1097/OPX.0b013e31820efa0f.

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Title Survey of contact lens prescribing to infants, children, and teenagers
Author(s) Efron, Nathan
Morgan, Philip B.
Woods, Craig A.ORCID iD for Woods, Craig A. orcid.org/0000-0002-5942-6247
International Contact Lens Prescribing Survey Consortium
Journal name Optometry and vision science
Volume number 88
Issue number 4
Start page 461
End page 468
Total pages 8
Publisher Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
Place of publication Philadelphia, Pa.
Publication date 2011-04
ISSN 1040-5488
1538-9235
Keyword(s) contact lenses
fitting
survey
infants
children
teenagers
adults
Summary Purpose. To determine the types of contact lenses prescribed for infants (aged 0 to 5 years), children (6 to 12 years), and teenagers (13 to 17 years) around the world.

Methods. Up to 1000 survey forms were sent to contact lens fitters in each of 38 countries between January and March every year for 5 consecutive years (2005 to 2009). Practitioners were asked to record data relating to the first 10 contact lens fits or refits performed after receiving the survey form.

Results. Data were received relating to 105,734 fits [137 infants, 1,672 children, 12,117 teenagers, and 91,808 adults (age ≥18 years)]. The proportion of minors (<18 year old) fitted varied considerably between nations, ranging from 25% in Iceland to 1% in China. Compared with other age groups, infants tend to be prescribed a higher proportion of rigid, soft toric, and extended wear lenses, predominantly as refits for full-time wear, and fewer daily disposable lenses. Children are fitted with the highest proportion of daily disposable lenses and have the highest rate of fits for part-time wear. Teenagers have a similar lens fitting profile to adults, with the main distinguishing characteristic being a higher proportion of new fits. Orthokeratology fits represented 28% of all contact lenses prescribed to minors.

Conclusions. Patterns of contact lens prescribing to infants and children are distinctly different to those of teenagers and adults in a number of respects. Clinicians can use the data presented here to compare their own patterns of contact lens prescribing to minors.
Language eng
DOI 10.1097/OPX.0b013e31820efa0f
Field of Research 119999 Medical and Health Sciences not elsewhere classified
Socio Economic Objective 970111 Expanding Knowledge in the Medical and Health Sciences
HERDC Research category C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2011, American Academy of Optometry
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30047574

Document type: Journal Article
Collection: School of Medicine
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