Study on the visual performance of a traditional residential neighborhood in Old Cairo

Almaiyah, Sura and Elkadi, Hisham 2012, Study on the visual performance of a traditional residential neighborhood in Old Cairo, Journal of urban technology, vol. 19, no. 4, pp. 59-86, doi: 10.1080/10630732.2011.649913.

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Title Study on the visual performance of a traditional residential neighborhood in Old Cairo
Author(s) Almaiyah, Sura
Elkadi, Hisham
Journal name Journal of urban technology
Volume number 19
Issue number 4
Start page 59
End page 86
Total pages 28
Publisher Routledge
Place of publication Oxon, England
Publication date 2012-10
ISSN 1063-0732
Keyword(s) daylight
architectural heritage
place identity
visual comfort
daylight modeling
Summary Traditional dwellings located in the hot arid zone in Egypt are well known for their sensitive architectural response to the region's climatic conditions and socio-cultural norms. The majority of these dwellings are well recognized for their courtyard arrangement and perforated fenestration systems that evolved to control the harsh solar, climatic conditions without compromising the aesthetic quality of the space and the occupants' well-being. The unique visual characteristics of these structures cannot be fully appreciated by assessing the visual performance of buildings in isolation from their urban context. Much of the character of the traditional urban fabric of this region came from the collective visual perception of its architectural components as well as urban patterns. This paper examines daylight behavior of a well-known historic alleyway and of a courtyard house in the Old City of Cairo. Using the Radiance IES simulation modeling tool and a scaled model under an artificial sky dome, the paper investigates the visual comfort in a typical pedestrian street and a selected house. A comparative analysis between simulated results and measured values at target points was conducted. The results indicate a reasonable agreement with the simulation results. The paper gives an insight into the overall visual experience in the traditional settlements in the Old City of Cairo in relation to daylight components and hence their contribution to the unique sense of identity of the place.
Notes This paper was also presented at the Proceedings of the 2011 International Conference of the Association of Architecture Schools of Australasia on 18-21 September 2011.
Language eng
DOI 10.1080/10630732.2011.649913
Field of Research 129999 Built Environment and Design not elsewhere classified
Socio Economic Objective 970112 Expanding Knowledge in Built Environment and Design
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2012, Taylor & Francis
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