Based on n-value differential equation and microstructural observation, strain hardening behaviors of FBDP, TRIP, and TWIP steels during uniaxial tension were investigated. TRIP steel exhibits both superior strength and ductility than FBDP steel, and TWIP steel displays much higher total and uniform elongations in comparison to FBDP and TRIP steels. The instantaneous n values of FBDP and TRIP steels increase at small strains, reach a maximum value, smoothly decrease at higher strains, and then rapidly drop up to the specimen rupture. The strain hardening of TRIP steel persists at higher strains where that of FBDP steel begins to diminish. TWIP steel exhibits gradually increased instantaneous n values over the whole uniform plastic deformation, implying that TWIP steel shows a much larger strain hardening capability than FBDP and TRIP steels.
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