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Oxygen-dependence of metabolic rate in the muscles of craniates

Forgan, Leonard G. and Forster, Malcolm E. 2010, Oxygen-dependence of metabolic rate in the muscles of craniates, Journal of comparative physiology B : biochemical, systemic, and environmental physiology, vol. 180, no. 5, pp. 715-729, doi: 10.1007/s00360-010-0455-0.

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Title Oxygen-dependence of metabolic rate in the muscles of craniates
Author(s) Forgan, Leonard G.
Forster, Malcolm E.
Journal name Journal of comparative physiology B : biochemical, systemic, and environmental physiology
Volume number 180
Issue number 5
Start page 715
End page 729
Total pages 15
Publisher Springer
Place of publication Berlin, Germany
Publication date 2010
ISSN 0174-1578
1432-136X
Keyword(s) ATP
craniate
hypoxia
muscle
oxygen consumption
Summary We present evidence that oxygen consumption (VO2 ) is oxygen partial pressure (PO2) dependent in striated muscles and PO2 -independent in the vasculature in representatives of three craniate taxa: two teleost fish, a hagfish and a rat. Blood vessel VO2 displayed varying degrees of independence in a PO2 range of 15–95 mmHg, while VO2 by striated muscle tissue slices from all species related linearly to PO2 between 0 and 125 mmHg, despite VO2 rates varying greatly between species and muscle type. In salmon red muscle, lactate concentrations fell in slices incubated at a PO2 of either 30 or 100 mmHg, suggesting aerobic rather than anaerobic metabolism. Consistent with this finding, potential energy, a proxy of ATP turnover, was PO2 -dependent. Our data suggest that the reduction in VO2 with falling PO2 results in a decrease in ATP demand, suggesting that the hypoxic signal is sensed and cellular changes effected. Viability and diffusion limitation of the preparations were investigated using salmon cardiac and skeletal muscles. Following the initial PO2 depletion, reoxygenation of the Ringer bathing salmon cardiac muscle resulted in VO2s that was unchanged from the first run. VO2 increased in all muscles uncoupled with p-trifluoromethoxylphenyl-hydrazone (FCCP) and 2,4-dinitrophenol (DNP). Mitochondrial succinate dehydrogenase activity, quantified by reduction of 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol)-2,5-diphenyl-2H-tetrazolium bromide (MTT) to formazan, was constant over the course of the experiment. These three findings indicate that the tissues remained viable over time and ruled out diffusion-limitation as a constraint on VO2.
Language eng
DOI 10.1007/s00360-010-0455-0
Field of Research 060604 Comparative Physiology
060603 Animal Physiology - Systems
060104 Cell Metabolism
Socio Economic Objective 970106 Expanding Knowledge in the Biological Sciences
HERDC Research category C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2010, Springer-Verlag
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30048000

Document type: Journal Article
Collection: School of Life and Environmental Sciences
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