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Ultrafine polystyrene nanofibers prepared by electrospinning

Huang, H. M., Li, Z. Y., Yang, F., Wang, W. and Wang, C. 2007, Ultrafine polystyrene nanofibers prepared by electrospinning, Gaodeng Xuexiao Huaxue Xuebao/Chemical journal of Chinese Universities, vol. 28, no. 6, pp. 1200-1202.

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Title Ultrafine polystyrene nanofibers prepared by electrospinning
Author(s) Huang, H. M.
Li, Z. Y.
Yang, F.
Wang, W.
Wang, C.
Journal name Gaodeng Xuexiao Huaxue Xuebao/Chemical journal of Chinese Universities
Volume number 28
Issue number 6
Start page 1200
End page 1202
Total pages 3
Publisher Jilin Daxue
Place of publication [Beijing, China]
Publication date 2007
ISSN 0251-0790
Keyword(s) Electrospinning
Nanofiber
Polystyrene (PS)
Summary Ultrafine polystyrene (PS) nanofibers were prepared via the simple electrospinning technique. Uniform and smooth PS nanofibers were obtained with adding the organic salt BTEAC into the PS solutions and adjusting the concentration of PS solutions. Without the addition of BTEAC, PS fibers with few beads could be achieved with a PS mass fraction of 20%, and the average diameter of the fibers was 280 nm. The addition of the organic salt BTEAC could lower the critical concentration for the fiber formation and reduce the amount of beads on the fibers. Unltrafine PS fibers without any beads were obtained with a PS mass fraction of 10% and an ionic salt mass fraction of 0.5%. The average diameter of the fiber was successfully reduced to 100 nm. The influence of the salt concentration on the morphology and diameter of the PS fibers was also investigated. The viscosity and surface tension changes were measured with changing the concentration of BTEAC. The results show that the changes were so small that these factors could be ignored. It was suggested that variations of the fiber diameter should be mainly resulted from the changes of conductivity and conformation of the polymer chain as the concentration of BTEAC is varied.
Language eng
Field of Research 100708 Nanomaterials
Socio Economic Objective 970103 Expanding Knowledge in the Chemical Sciences
HERDC Research category C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30048159

Document type: Journal Article
Collection: Institute for Frontier Materials
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