Learning from arid planning and design history and practice : from Woomera to creating the new Roxby Downs communities
Iwanicki, Iris and Jones, David 2012, Learning from arid planning and design history and practice : from Woomera to creating the new Roxby Downs communities, in PIA 2012 : Planning for a Sunburnt Country : Building resilient communities through planning : Proceedings of the Planning Institute of Australia 2012 National Congress, [PIA], [Adelaide, S. Aust.], pp. 1-19.
The principles and knowledge about arid planning and design have much applicability to contemporary Australian planning discourses because of climate change evidence and policy shifts that sketch a hotter and more unreliable future climate with an emphasis upon a semi-arid environment for Australia. Despite this merit and intent, we appear to have learnt little from the past and are failing to draw upon the pioneering planning and design knowledge that underpinned community development and scaffolding in numerous Australian arid and semi-arid communities, and to bring this knowledge into our future planning processes and strategies.
This paper considers the essential attributes and variables of three Australian arid planning and design, drawing upon historical practice and research that have been explored in the planning of semi-arid and arid places including Port Pirie, Whyalla, Monarto, Broken Hill, Port Augusta, Leigh Creek, Andamooka, Olympic Dam Village and Roxby Downs. It specifically reviews Woomera Village (1940s) Shay Gap (1970s) and the proposed extensions to Roxby Downs (2010s) as models of how to better plan and design communities in arid environments. Instrumental in these innovations is the use of landscape-responsive urban design strategies, water harvesting and irregular rainfall capture, arid horticulture, building design, colour and materiality, orientation and shading strategies, and social community construction under difficult isolationist circumstances. The paper points to key strategies that need to be incorporated in future climate change responsive community developments and policy making.
Field of Research
120599 Urban and Regional Planning not elsewhere classified
Socio Economic Objective
960910 Sparseland, Permanent Grassland and Arid Zone Land and Water Management