Learning from arid planning and design history and practice : from Woomera to creating the new Roxby Downs communities

Iwanicki, Iris and Jones, David 2012, Learning from arid planning and design history and practice : from Woomera to creating the new Roxby Downs communities, in PIA 2012 : Planning for a Sunburnt Country : Building resilient communities through planning : Proceedings of the Planning Institute of Australia 2012 National Congress, [PIA], [Adelaide, S. Aust.], pp. 1-19.

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Title Learning from arid planning and design history and practice : from Woomera to creating the new Roxby Downs communities
Author(s) Iwanicki, Iris
Jones, David
Conference name Planning Institute of Australia National Congress (2012 : Adelaide, S. Aust.)
Conference location Adelaide, S. Aust.
Conference dates 29 Apr.-2 May. 2012
Title of proceedings PIA 2012 : Planning for a Sunburnt Country : Building resilient communities through planning : Proceedings of the Planning Institute of Australia 2012 National Congress
Editor(s) [unknown]
Publication date 2012
Conference series Planning Institute of Australia National Congress
Start page 1
End page 19
Total pages 19
Publisher [PIA]
Place of publication [Adelaide, S. Aust.]
Keyword(s) arid settlements
arid planning
Australia
Woomera
Shay Gap
Roxby Downs
Summary The principles and knowledge about arid planning and design have much applicability to contemporary Australian planning discourses because of climate change evidence and policy shifts that sketch a hotter and more unreliable future climate with an emphasis upon a semi-arid environment for Australia. Despite this merit and intent, we appear to have learnt little from the past and are failing to draw upon the pioneering planning and design knowledge that underpinned community development and scaffolding in numerous Australian arid and semi-arid communities, and to bring this knowledge into our future planning processes and strategies.

This paper considers the essential attributes and variables of three Australian arid planning and design, drawing upon historical practice and research that have been explored in the planning of semi-arid and arid places including Port Pirie, Whyalla, Monarto, Broken Hill, Port Augusta, Leigh Creek, Andamooka, Olympic Dam Village and Roxby Downs. It specifically reviews Woomera Village (1940s) Shay Gap (1970s) and the proposed extensions to Roxby Downs (2010s) as models of how to better plan and design communities in arid environments. Instrumental in these innovations is the use of landscape-responsive urban design strategies, water harvesting and irregular rainfall capture, arid horticulture, building design, colour and materiality, orientation and shading strategies, and social community construction under difficult isolationist circumstances. The paper points to key strategies that need to be incorporated in future climate change responsive community developments and policy making.
ISBN 9780646577043
Language eng
Field of Research 120599 Urban and Regional Planning not elsewhere classified
Socio Economic Objective 960910 Sparseland, Permanent Grassland and Arid Zone Land and Water Management
HERDC Research category E1 Full written paper - refereed
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30048240

Document type: Conference Paper
Collection: School of Architecture and Built Environment
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