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A parent focused child obesity prevention intervention improves some mother obesity risk behaviors : the Melbourne infant program

Lioret, Sandrine, Campbell, Karen J., Crawford, David, Spence, Alison C., Hesketh, Kylie and McNaughton, Sarah 2012, A parent focused child obesity prevention intervention improves some mother obesity risk behaviors : the Melbourne infant program, International journal of behavioral nutrition and physical activity, vol. 9, no. 100, pp. 1-10.

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Title A parent focused child obesity prevention intervention improves some mother obesity risk behaviors : the Melbourne infant program
Author(s) Lioret, Sandrine
Campbell, Karen J.
Crawford, David
Spence, Alison C.
Hesketh, Kylie
McNaughton, Sarah
Journal name International journal of behavioral nutrition and physical activity
Volume number 9
Issue number 100
Start page 1
End page 10
Total pages 10
Publisher BioMed Central Ltd.
Place of publication London, England
Publication date 2012
ISSN 1479-5868
Keyword(s) Dietary pattern
Mothers
Randomized controlled trial
TV viewing
Physical activity
Summary Background

The diets, physical activity and sedentary behavior levels of both children and adults in Australia are suboptimal. The family environment, as the first ecological niche of children, exerts an important influence on the onset of children's habits. Parent modeling is one part of this environment and a logical focus for child obesity prevention initiatives. The focus on parent's own behaviors provides a potential opportunity to decrease obesity risk behaviors in parents as well.
Objective

To assess the effect of a parent-focused early childhood obesity prevention intervention on first-time mothers' diets, physical activity and TV viewing time.
Methods

The Melbourne InFANT Program is a cluster-randomized controlled trial which involved 542 mothers over their newborn's first 18 months of life. The intervention focused on parenting skills and strategies, including parental modeling, and aimed to promote development of healthy child and parent behaviors from birth, including healthy diet, increased physical activity and reduced TV viewing time. Data regarding mothers' diet (food frequency questionnaire), physical activity and TV viewing times (self-reported questionnaire) were collected using validated tools at both baseline and post-intervention. Four dietary patterns were derived at baseline using principal components analyses including frequencies of 55 food groups. Analysis of covariance was used to measure the impact of the intervention.
Results

The scores of both the "High-energy snack and processed foods" and the "High-fat foods" dietary patterns decreased more in the intervention group: -0.22 ([MINUS SIGN]0.42;-0.02) and [MINUS SIGN]0.25 ([MINUS SIGN]0.50;-0.01), respectively. No other significant intervention vs. control effects were observed regarding total physical activity, TV viewing time, and the two other dietary patterns, i.e. "Fruits and vegetables" and "Cereals and sweet foods".
Conclusions

These findings suggest that supporting first-time mothers to promote healthy lifestyle behaviors in their infants impacts maternal dietary intakes positively. Further research needs to assess ways in which we might further enhance those lifestyle behaviors not impacted by the InFANT intervention.
Language eng
Field of Research 111199 Nutrition and Dietetics not elsewhere classified
Socio Economic Objective 920411 Nutrition
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2012, Lioret et al. ; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30048370

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Created: Tue, 11 Sep 2012, 13:27:50 EST by Jane Moschetti

Every reasonable effort has been made to ensure that permission has been obtained for items included in DRO. If you believe that your rights have been infringed by this repository, please contact drosupport@deakin.edu.au.