Whole grain consumption is inversely associated with BMI Z-score in rural school-aged children

Choumenkovitch, Silvina F., McKeown, Nicola M., Tovar, Alison, Hyatt, Raymond R., Kraak, Vivica I., Hastings, Alia V., Bloom Herzog, Julie and Economos, Christina D. 2013, Whole grain consumption is inversely associated with BMI Z-score in rural school-aged children, Public health nutrition, vol. 16, no. 2, pp. 212-218, doi: 10.1017/S1368980012003527.

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Title Whole grain consumption is inversely associated with BMI Z-score in rural school-aged children
Author(s) Choumenkovitch, Silvina F.
McKeown, Nicola M.
Tovar, Alison
Hyatt, Raymond R.
Kraak, Vivica I.
Hastings, Alia V.
Bloom Herzog, Julie
Economos, Christina D.
Journal name Public health nutrition
Volume number 16
Issue number 2
Start page 212
End page 218
Total pages 7
Publisher Cambridge University Press
Place of publication Cambridge, England
Publication date 2013-02
ISSN 1368-9800
Keyword(s) Obesity
Whole grains
Summary Objective To examine the relationship between intake of whole grains and BMI Z-score in rural children.

Design General linear models and logistic regression were used to examine the cross-sectional associations between whole grain intake and BMI Z-score, prevalence and odds ratios of overweight and obesity. Dietary intake was assessed using the Block Food Screener for ages 2–17 years. Children were classified into three categories according to servings of whole grain intake: <1·0 serving/d, 1·0–1·5 servings/d and >1·5 servings/d.

Setting The CHANGE (Creating Healthy, Active and Nurturing Growing-up Environments) study, an obesity prevention intervention in elementary schools in eight rural US communities in California, Mississippi, Kentucky and South Carolina.

Subjects Seven hundred and ninety-two children attending 3rd–6th grade.

Results After adjusting for age, sex, race/ethnicity, physical activity and state of residence, whole grain intake was inversely associated with BMI Z-score (0·90 v. 0·61 in the lowest v. the highest whole grain intake category; P trend = 0·01). Children who consumed >1·5 servings of whole grains/d had a 40 % lower risk of being obese (OR = 0·60; 95 % CI 0·38, 0·95, P = 0·02) compared with children who consumed <1·0 serving/d. Further adjustment for potential dietary predictors of body weight (fruit, vegetable and dairy intakes) did not change the observed associations.

Conclusions Increasing the intake of whole grains as part of an overall healthy lifestyle may be beneficial for children to achieve and maintain a healthy weight.
Language eng
DOI 10.1017/S1368980012003527
Field of Research 140208 Health Economics
Socio Economic Objective 970111 Expanding Knowledge in the Medical and Health Sciences
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30048383

Document type: Journal Article
Collection: Population Health
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