Making Connections in Geelong : migrants, social capital and growing regional cities
Jackson, Ruth, Jatrana, Santosh, Johnson, Louise, Kilpatrick, Sue and King, Tanya 2012, Making Connections in Geelong : migrants, social capital and growing regional cities, Alfred Deakin Research Institute, Geelong, Vic.
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Migration has been increasingly used to compensate for demographic trends and skill shortages in developed countries. This has resulted in policies to encourage migration to regional areas in order to relieve pressures on liveability and infrastructure in big cities. Like many other regional cities in Victoria, Geelong actively encourages migrants from overseas, from Melbourne and from other parts of rural and regional Australia, by promoting workforce participation, and enhancing lifestyles to attract and retain a growing population. A number of countries including Australia, Canada, Italy and Spain have policies to encourage immigration to locations other than large urban centres to stimulate regional economic development and to ensure immigrants fill skill shortages in regional areas. However, migrants do not always stay long in the regional locations where they initially settle, and new migrants are needed to replace their skills. Given the Australian and Victorian government policy imperatives of encouraging regional migration there is a need to understand how migrants and their families make the social connections that contribute to wellbeing and their retention in regional areas such as Geelong. This paper emerges from a research project on this challenge at Deakin University, in Geelong It discusses some of the issues associated with regional migration and describes how a sound, theoretically informed understanding of social capital can assist employers, governments and community groups (formal and informal) to effectively assist migrants to make social connections and therefore remain in regional cities.
Field of Research
160303 Migration 160404 Urban and Regional Studies (excl Planning) 160810 Urban Sociology and Community Studies
Socio Economic Objective
940111 Ethnicity, Multiculturalism and Migrant Development and Welfare
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