Unhealthy lifestyle behaviour is driving an increase in the burden of chronic non-communicable diseases worldwide.
Recent evidence suggests that poor diet and a lack of exercise contribute to the genesis and course of depression.
While studies examining dietary improvement as a treatment strategy in depression are lacking, epidemiological evidence clearly points to diet quality being of importance to the risk of depression.
Exercise has been shown to be an effective treatment strategy for depression, but this is not reflected in treatment guidelines, and increased physical activity is not routinely encouraged when managing depression in clinical practice.
Recommendations regarding dietary improvement, increases in physical activity and smoking cessation should be routinely given to patients with depression.
Specialised and detailed advice may not be necessary. Recommendations should focus on following national guidelines for healthy eating and physical activity.
Field of Research
170106 Health, Clinical and Counselling Psychology