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From cholera outbreaks to pandemics : the role of poverty and inequality

Anbarci, Nejat, Escaleras, Monica and Register, Charles A. 2012, From cholera outbreaks to pandemics : the role of poverty and inequality, American economist, vol. 57, no. 1, Spring, pp. 21-31.

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Title From cholera outbreaks to pandemics : the role of poverty and inequality
Author(s) Anbarci, Nejat
Escaleras, Monica
Register, Charles A.
Journal name American economist
Volume number 57
Issue number 1
Season Spring
Start page 21
End page 31
Total pages 11
Publisher Omicron Delta Epsilon
Place of publication Hattiesburg, Miss.
Publication date 2012
ISSN 0569-4345
Keyword(s) cholera
inequality
per capita income
pandemics
diarrheal diseases
Summary Cholera and other diarrheal diseases are the second leading cause of death among the poor globally. The tragedy of this statistic is that it need not be the case. Unlike many afflictions, the impact of cholera can be greatly reduced, if not eliminated, through the provision of clean water services. This begs the question of why such provision is absent in much of the world. It is our contention that the provision of clean water services is an increasing function of both a country's level of income and income equality. We test these hypotheses by analyzing 1,032 annual observations arising from 55 relatively poor countries between the years 1980 and 2002. In the primary part of the analysis, we find that providing clean water is, as predicted, an increasing function of income and equality. Following this, and consistent with the existing epidemiological research on cholera, we find that both the numbers of cases and deaths resulting from a given cholera outbreak are strongly and negatively related to the provision of clean water.
Language eng
Field of Research 140202 Economic Development and Growth
Socio Economic Objective 910102 Demography
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2012, American economist
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30049046

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Every reasonable effort has been made to ensure that permission has been obtained for items included in DRO. If you believe that your rights have been infringed by this repository, please contact drosupport@deakin.edu.au.