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Complementary medicine, exercise, meditation, diet, and lifestyle modification for anxiety disorders : a review of current evidence

Sarris, J., Moylan, S., Camfield, D. A., Pase, M. P., Mischoulon, D., Berk, M., Jacka, F. N. and Schweitzer, I. 2012, Complementary medicine, exercise, meditation, diet, and lifestyle modification for anxiety disorders : a review of current evidence, Evidence based complementary and alternative medicine, vol. 2012, no. Article ID 809653, pp. 1-20.

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Title Complementary medicine, exercise, meditation, diet, and lifestyle modification for anxiety disorders : a review of current evidence
Author(s) Sarris, J.
Moylan, S.
Camfield, D. A.
Pase, M. P.
Mischoulon, D.
Berk, M.
Jacka, F. N.
Schweitzer, I.
Journal name Evidence based complementary and alternative medicine
Volume number 2012
Issue number Article ID 809653
Start page 1
End page 20
Total pages 20
Publisher Hindawi Publishing Corporation
Place of publication New York, N.Y.
Publication date 2012
ISSN 1741-427X
Keyword(s) complementary medicine
exercise
meditation
diet
Summary Use of complementary medicines and therapies (CAM) and modification of lifestyle factors such as physical activity and exercise, and diet are being increasingly considered as potential therapeutic options for anxiety disorders. The objective of this metareview was to examine evidence across a broad range of CAM and lifestyle interventions in the treatment of anxiety disorders. In early 2012 we conducted a literature search of PubMed, Scopus, CINAHL, Web of Science, PsycInfo, and the Cochrane Library, for key studies, systematic reviews, and metaanalyses in the area. Our review found that in respect to treatment of generalized anxiety or specific anxiety disorders, CAM evidence revealed support for the herbal medicine Kava. One isolated study shows benefit for naturopathic medicine, whereas acupuncture, yoga, and Tai chi have tentative supportive evidence, which is hampered by overall poor methodology. The breadth of evidence does not support homeopathy for treating anxiety. Strong support exists for lifestyle modifications including adoption of moderate exercise and mindfulness meditation, whereas dietary improvement, avoidance of caffeine, alcohol, and nicotine offer encouraging preliminary data. In conclusion, certain lifestyle modifications and some CAMs may provide a beneficial role in the management of anxiety disorders.
Notes Reproduced with the kind permission of the copyright owner.
Language eng
Field of Research 110499 Complementary and Alternative Medicine not elsewhere classified
Socio Economic Objective 920410 Mental Health
HERDC Research category C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2012 J. Sarris et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30049184

Document type: Journal Article
Collections: School of Medicine
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Created: Tue, 30 Oct 2012, 12:35:09 EST by Jane Moschetti

Every reasonable effort has been made to ensure that permission has been obtained for items included in DRO. If you believe that your rights have been infringed by this repository, please contact drosupport@deakin.edu.au.