Novel approaches to process bamboo plants into fibres and their UV-blocking property
Afrin, Tarannum, Tsuzuki, Takuya, Kanwar, Rupinder and Wang, Xungai 2012, Novel approaches to process bamboo plants into fibres and their UV-blocking property, in WBC 2012 : Proceedings of the 2012 World Bamboo Congress, World Bamboo, Antwerp, Belgium, pp. 317-328.
Currently viscose production methods are primarily used to process bamboo into commercial textile fibres. However, viscose methods use large quantities of chemicals and hence the process is not considered as environmentally friendly. The process also fails to retain bamboo’s inherent unique properties such as ultraviolet (UV) screening and antibacterial functions. Hence, it is necessary to design an effective and more eco-friendly manufacturing method that would also retain the unique properties of raw bamboo plant into the fibres. In this research, bamboo was processed using new methods involving thermo mechanical treatments such as ultra-sonication, shaker milling and boiling with continuous stirring. Sodium hydroxide, hydrogen peroxide, enzyme and water were used separately in this process and their effects on fibre processing were compared. The morphology and UV shielding ability were analysed before and after processing. It was demonstrated that bamboo can be processed into fibres using only water and ball milling without the aid of any hazardous chemicals. The combination of mild acid hydrolysis and ultrasonic treatment with hydrogen peroxide was effective in the fibre separation and provided better appearance of fibres.
Field of Research
091012 Textile Technology 109999 Technology not elsewhere classified
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