Al-Jaljouli, Raja and Abawajy, Jemal 2012, Strategies for agent-based negotiation in e-trade. In Abawajy, Jemal, Pathan, Mukaddim, Rahman, Mustafizur, Pathan, Al-Sakib Khan and Deris, Mustafa Mat (ed), Network and traffic engineering in emerging distributed computing applications, Information Science Reference, Hershey, Pa., pp.43-65.
£-negotiation handles negotiation over the Internet without human supervision and has shown effectiveness in concluding verifiable and more favorable agreements in a reasonably short time. In this chapter, the authors discuss the negotiation 5ystem and its components with particular emphasis on negotiation strategies. A negotiation strategy defines strategic tactics, which advise on the proper action to select from a set of possible actions that optimizes negotiation outcomes. A strategy should integrate negotiation goals and reactive attitudes. Usually, a fixed strategy is implemented during the course of negotiation regardless ofsignificant decision-makingfactors including market status, opponent :S profile, or eagerness for a negotiated goods/service. The chapter presents the main negotiation strategies and outlines the different decision-makingfactors that should be considered. A strategy uses a utility function to evaluate the offer of an opponent and advises on the generation of a counter offer or the best interaction. The authors finally discuss different utility functions presented in the literature.
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